Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Dysphagia Screening Protocol For Acute Stroke Patient: A Literature Review

Version 1 : Received: 4 April 2021 / Approved: 7 April 2021 / Online: 7 April 2021 (11:45:33 CEST)

How to cite: Mulyatsih, E.; Glorino Rumambo Pandin, M. Dysphagia Screening Protocol For Acute Stroke Patient: A Literature Review. Preprints 2021, 2021040197 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202104.0197.v1). Mulyatsih, E.; Glorino Rumambo Pandin, M. Dysphagia Screening Protocol For Acute Stroke Patient: A Literature Review. Preprints 2021, 2021040197 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202104.0197.v1).

Abstract

ABSTRACT Background: Nearly two-thirds of acute stroke patients have dysphagia. Dysphagia defined as difficulty in swallowing of liquids or food, vary in severity with symptoms ranging from mild throat discomfort to inability to eat. It’s well known that dysphagia is associated with aspiration pneumonia, dehydration, malnutrition, prolonged length of stay, and increased mortality. Early screening reduces pneumonia rates in stroke and it is usually performed by nurses. Dysphagia screening is recommended but no protocol or tool is pointed.Aim: the aim of this study is to conduct a literature review of dysphagia screening for stroke patient Methods: Literature search three databases (Scopus, Proquest, and Science Direct), with the keywords "Dysphagia" AND "Stroke" AND "Nursing", published in English between 2019 and 2021. Result: Twenty five publications relating to dysphagia screening met the inclusion criteria. There are five methods of dysphagia screening performed by nurses or other health workers: 1) a simple Questionnaire Test (4QT) method, which is by asking the following four questions: does the patient cough or choke while eating or drinking; whether the patient takes longer than usual to eat; does the patient change the thickness of the food to be able to swallow, and whether the voice turns hoarse after eating or drinking; 2) Water Swallow Test (WST) method; 3) Bed Side Screening Tool for Dysphagia (BSTD) method; 4) Volume Viscosity Swallow Test (V-VST) method, namely modification of feeding with first pudding, nectar and finally water; 5) Simplified Cough Test Method. The five screening methods for dysphagia above have been tested for sensitivity and specificity, as well as positive and negative predictive valuesConclusion: screening is a first step in the identification of swallowing impairment or dysphagia of stroke patient. Dysphagia is an independent predictor of poor patient outcome and prolonged recovery time. Nurse has an important role to conduct a screening and must ensure that the selected tools has high reliability and concurrent validity. Key Words: Stroke, Dysphagia, Screening, Nursing

Keywords

stroke; dysphagia; screening; nursing

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