Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

A Food Pyramid for Sub-Saharan Africa. Health Protection with Mushroom Nutraceuticals

Version 1 : Received: 31 March 2021 / Approved: 1 April 2021 / Online: 1 April 2021 (14:10:48 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Fernandes, T.; Garrine, C.; Ferrão, J.; Bell, V.; Varzakas, T. Mushroom Nutrition as Preventative Healthcare in Sub-Saharan Africa. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 4221. Fernandes, T.; Garrine, C.; Ferrão, J.; Bell, V.; Varzakas, T. Mushroom Nutrition as Preventative Healthcare in Sub-Saharan Africa. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 4221.

Journal reference: Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 4221
DOI: 10.3390/app11094221

Abstract

In Sub-Saharan Africa, despite poverty, chronic hunger and food insecurity, traditional eating has been related to positive health outcomes and sustainability. There is little health research on diet quality based on what African people consume. The defining characteristics of the traditional African cuisine are the richness in herbs and spices, fermented foods and beverages, and healthy and whole ingredients used. However, as countries in this region become more economically developed, there is a shift to “modern” occidental foods rich in saturated fats, sugar and sweeteners. As a result, there are increased incidences of previously unreported ailments due to unbalanced diet. The regular practice of infinite international aid to the region to curb food insecurity has been unsustainable, ineffective and with no end in sight. Local increase in production and productivity is imperative. Protein rich foods in dietary guidelines enhance only those of animal or plant sources while rich protein sources such of mushroom, has been absent in these charts. This article considers the valorisation of traditional African foods and the importance of establishing an African Food-Based Dietary Guidelines (AFBDGs), an unprecedented Food Pyramid, along with the added emphasis on the potential of African mushrooms, which may play a role in shielding Sub-Saharan Africans against the side-effects of a western stylish diet and promote health. It enhances the preventive role of mushrooms in viral diseases and other disorders.

Keywords

nutritional guidelines; food pyramid; mushrooms; viral diseases; african foods

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