Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Mobility Patterns of the Portuguese Population During the First Year of the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Longitudinal Study

Version 1 : Received: 19 March 2021 / Approved: 29 March 2021 / Online: 29 March 2021 (12:31:54 CEST)

How to cite: Tamagusko, T.; Ferreira, A. Mobility Patterns of the Portuguese Population During the First Year of the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Longitudinal Study. Preprints 2021, 2021030689 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202103.0689.v1). Tamagusko, T.; Ferreira, A. Mobility Patterns of the Portuguese Population During the First Year of the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Longitudinal Study. Preprints 2021, 2021030689 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202103.0689.v1).

Abstract

This study analyzes the relationship between the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus (COVID-19) and the mobility patterns of the Portuguese population. By reducing mobility, the idea is that contacts are reduced, countering the spread of the virus in the community. As an indicator of the spread of the virus, the reproduction number (Rt) was used. Data from Google's Community Mobility Reports was used to evaluate changes in mobility patterns. This report uses location data from Android mobile phone users. The locations are divided into retail and recreation, grocery and pharmacy, parks, transit stations, workplaces and residential. In this year of the COVID-19 crisis in Portugal, population mobility patterns have changed over the various phases of the pandemic. At first, all mobility was affected uniformly, with the population avoiding much of the activity outside the home. In a second phase, there was some adaptation, and the areas considered to be of lower risk had less impact, emphasizing the changes in the relationship between daily life and the workplace.

Keywords

COVID-19; mobility patterns; Rt; changepoint; modeling; Portugal; Longitudinal Study

Subject

ENGINEERING, Civil Engineering

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