Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Investigation of Heavy Metal Accumulation in Mung Bean through Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectroscopy

Version 1 : Received: 16 March 2021 / Approved: 16 March 2021 / Online: 16 March 2021 (14:29:44 CET)

How to cite: Desta, A.T.; Feleke, T. Investigation of Heavy Metal Accumulation in Mung Bean through Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectroscopy. Preprints 2021, 2021030428 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202103.0428.v1). Desta, A.T.; Feleke, T. Investigation of Heavy Metal Accumulation in Mung Bean through Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectroscopy. Preprints 2021, 2021030428 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202103.0428.v1).

Abstract

Vigina radiata (Mung bean) is an important legume species belongs to the family Fabaceae, cultivated in varies region of Ethiopia for its nutritional values. The nutritional composition of the crop affected by different biotic and environmental stress which depends on growth environment. The aim of the present study was to determine the concentrations of selected heavy metals (Pb, Cu and Cr) in seed of mung bean collected from Shewarobit, Northcentral Ethiopia using inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES). Acid digestion with HCl, HNO3 and HClO4 for 1hr at temperature of 90oC to 95oC by hot plate digester. The level of the heavy metals in the samples were 2.51 mg/L, Pb; 6.53 mg/L, Cu; and 0.38 mg/L, Cr respectively. The concentration of copper (Cu) in the seed of mung bean was higher than the other target metals (Pb and Cr) whereas, Cr occurred in least concentration. The overall accuracy of the method obtained from spiking experiment (recovery) was within the range 80 to 120%, which accounts 115.75%, 97.5%, 101.17% for Pb Cr and Cu respectively. Notably, these results indicating the reliability and applicability of the procedure for extraction of studied metals. The concentration of heavy metals in edible seed of mungbean is low as compared to WHO/FAO recommendation and absolutely safe for consumption in the study area. Thus, producer should follow similar agroecological managements of the crop production to maintain heavy metal concentration of such in the crop.

Subject Areas

Heavy metals; ICP-OES; Mungbean; Seed; Shewarobit

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