Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Transsexualism Ethiology and Medical Management: Between Scientific Evidence and Personal Experiences

Version 1 : Received: 24 February 2021 / Approved: 4 March 2021 / Online: 4 March 2021 (17:14:28 CET)

How to cite: Vetri, M.; Cataldi, A.; Naselli, A.; Vetri, A. Transsexualism Ethiology and Medical Management: Between Scientific Evidence and Personal Experiences. Preprints 2021, 2021030172 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202103.0172.v1). Vetri, M.; Cataldi, A.; Naselli, A.; Vetri, A. Transsexualism Ethiology and Medical Management: Between Scientific Evidence and Personal Experiences. Preprints 2021, 2021030172 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202103.0172.v1).

Abstract

Gender Identity Dysphoria (GID) is a condition characterized by a strong and persistent identification with the opposite sex. These people consider themselves victims of a sort of biological accident: "a soul in a wrong body". There are numerous theories on the origin of transsexualism: genetic, hormonal and psychological causes have been hypothesized, but those currently most accredited are the neuroanatomical ones. The cornerstones of hormone conversion therapy (Gender Affirming Hormone Therapy, GAHT) are feminizing hormones for transgender women (MtFs) and virilizing for transgender males (FtMs). GID can be present among adolescents and older people. For adolescents is now accepted reversible treatment of puberty withdrawal with hormones that stops the progression of pubertal development in the biological direction not accepted; for elderly people is suggested GAHT in reduced doses. Physicians should consider and discuss with people with GID about fertility preservation, general and cancer risks. We present also data of 127 transsexual patients enrolled at the Garibaldi-Nesima Andrology Clinic in Catania (Italy) from 2003 to 2020. To optimize the conversion treatment with sex hormones, transsexuals require long-term follow-up. GAHT must be performed by a doctor who is familiar with these problems. Therefore, the “do-it-yourself” trend and the lack of medical and laboratory checks over time should be absolutely discouraged. Before proceeding with the surgical sex reassignment, it is recommended to refer to an endocrinologist and psychologist or psychiatrist for a period of 2-3 years. The transition surgical conclusion process must be practiced by a quality surgical team.

Keywords

Transsexualism, Gender Identity Dysphoria, Puberty Withdrawal, Estrogens, Antiandrogens, Testosterone.

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