Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Development of the Survey of the Concept of Pain: A Measure to Study How Children Conceptualize Pain

Version 1 : Received: 25 February 2021 / Approved: 26 February 2021 / Online: 26 February 2021 (09:30:20 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Salvat, I.; Adillón, C.; Andrés, E.M.; Monterde, S.; Miró, J. Development of the Conceptualization of Pain Questionnaire: A Measure to Study How Children Conceptualize Pain. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3821. Salvat, I.; Adillón, C.; Andrés, E.M.; Monterde, S.; Miró, J. Development of the Conceptualization of Pain Questionnaire: A Measure to Study How Children Conceptualize Pain. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3821.

Journal reference: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3821
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18073821

Abstract

(1) Background: Research has shown that thoughts about pain are important for the management of chronic pain in children. In order to monitor changes in thoughts about pain over time and evaluate the efficacy of treatments, we need valid and reliable measures. The aims of this study were to develop a questionnaire to assess a child’s concept of pain and to evaluate its psychometric properties; (2) Methods: This is a cross-sectional, two-phase, mixed-method study. A total of 324 individuals aged 8 to 17 years old responded to the newly created questionnaire. The Survey of the Concept of Pain (SOCOPA) was calibrated using the Rasch model. The chi-square test was used for the fit statistics. Underfit and overfit of the model were determined and a descriptive analysis of infit and outfit was conducted to identify who responded erratically. Internal consistency was measured using the Person Separation Index (PSI); (3) Results: Fit to the Rasch model was good. Suitable targeting indicated which items were simple to answer; Person Fit identified 9.56% children who responded erratically; PSI=0.814; (4) Conclusions: The findings suggest that SOCOPA is a measure of a child’s concept of pain that is easy to administer and respond to. It has a good fit and a good internal consistency.

Subject Areas

Survey; children; health knowledge; chronic pain; pain education.

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