Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

CRISPR/dCas9-based Systems: Mechanisms and Applications in Plant Sciences

Version 1 : Received: 31 January 2021 / Approved: 1 February 2021 / Online: 1 February 2021 (13:31:04 CET)

How to cite: Karlson, C.K.S.; Mohd Noor, S.N.; Nolte, N.; Tan, B.C. CRISPR/dCas9-based Systems: Mechanisms and Applications in Plant Sciences. Preprints 2021, 2021020033 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202102.0033.v1). Karlson, C.K.S.; Mohd Noor, S.N.; Nolte, N.; Tan, B.C. CRISPR/dCas9-based Systems: Mechanisms and Applications in Plant Sciences. Preprints 2021, 2021020033 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202102.0033.v1).

Abstract

RNA-guided genomic transcriptional regulation tools, namely Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats interference (CRISPRi) and CRISPR-mediated gene activation (CRISPRa), are a powerful technology for the field of functional genomics. Deriving from the CRISPR/Cas9 system, both systems comprise a catalytically dead Cas9 (dCas9) and a single guide RNA (sgRNA). This type of dCas9 is incapable of cleaving DNA but retains its ability to specifically bind to DNA. The binding of the dCas9/sgRNA complex to a target gene results in transcriptional interference. The CRISPR/dCas9 system has been explored as a tool for transcriptional modulation and genome imaging. Despite its potential applications and benefits, the challenges and limitations faced by the CRISPR/dCas9 system include the off-target effects, PAM sequence requirement, efficient delivery methods, and the CRISPR/dCas9-interfered crops being labeled as genetically modified organisms in several countries. This review highlights the progression of CRISPR/dCas9 technology as well as its applications and potential challenges in crop improvement.

Subject Areas

CRISPR interference; CRISPR/dCas9 system; crop improvement; gene silencing; RNAi; transcriptional regulation

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