Working Paper Article Version 2 This version is not peer-reviewed

Morphological Appearance of Condylar Head in Mixed Dentition Period (Evaluated from Panoramic Radiograph)

Version 1 : Received: 6 January 2021 / Approved: 6 January 2021 / Online: 6 January 2021 (14:45:07 CET)
Version 2 : Received: 30 June 2021 / Approved: 1 July 2021 / Online: 1 July 2021 (11:13:27 CEST)

How to cite: Tanu, L. Morphological Appearance of Condylar Head in Mixed Dentition Period (Evaluated from Panoramic Radiograph). Preprints 2021, 2021010121 Tanu, L. Morphological Appearance of Condylar Head in Mixed Dentition Period (Evaluated from Panoramic Radiograph). Preprints 2021, 2021010121

Abstract

Introduction: During mixed dentition period, the growth and development process of dentocraniofacial complex occurs, with temporomandibular joint as one of its centers of growth. The condition of temporomandibular joint can be seen from its condylar head shape; therefore, it is essential to understand the normal morphology of condylar head during mixed dentition period. Objective: this research aims to view the general morphology of condylar head during mixed dentition period. Method: Samples of panoramic radiographs were collected from Ma-ranatha Dental Hospital, Bandung, Indonesia. It consists of 70 male and 70 female subjects, di-vided into three groups according to their phase of mixed dentition period. Shape of subjects' condylar heads was determined by analyzing and comparing the tracing results of condyle in panoramic radiograph. Result: Study showed in first transitional period of mixed dentition, condylar head shape is dominated by round, as growth and development go on, the domination of condylar head shape is changed into convex on second transitional period. Conclusion: Mostly condylar head shape morphology during mixed dentition period is round-headed in first transitional and inter-transitional period, and convex-headed in second transitional period.

Keywords

mixed dentition period; temporomandibular joint; mandibular condyle; panoramic radiograph

Comments (1)

Comment 1
Received: 1 July 2021
Commenter: Lydia Tanu
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Comment: New Edition
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