Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

COVID-19 Is Examining the EU and the Member States: The Role of Attitudes and Sociodemographic Factors on Citizens’ Support Towards National Policies

Version 1 : Received: 25 December 2020 / Approved: 4 January 2021 / Online: 4 January 2021 (13:48:09 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Martín, J.C.; Román, C. COVID-19 Is Examining the EU and the Member States: The Role of Attitudes and Sociodemographic Factors on Citizens’ Support towards National Policies. Soc. Sci. 2021, 10, 46. Martín, J.C.; Román, C. COVID-19 Is Examining the EU and the Member States: The Role of Attitudes and Sociodemographic Factors on Citizens’ Support towards National Policies. Soc. Sci. 2021, 10, 46.

Journal reference: Soc. Sci. 2021, 10, 46
DOI: 10.3390/socsci10020046

Abstract

During March and April 2020, the European Union (EU) was the center of the COVID-19 pandemic. Many National Governments imposed severe lockdown policies to mitigate the health crisis. The European Parliament commissioned a survey to analyse the citizens’ attitudes over a number of issues related to the COVID-19 pandemic. 21804 European citizens in 21 EU countries responded the survey between 23 April and 1 May 2020. The paper analyses empirically the individual satisfaction that European citizens have experienced over the measures taken by the respective National Governments to control the COVID-19 pandemic. The analysis is based on a micro-econometric model (ordered probit) that explains the citizens’ satisfaction by a number of attitudes and sociodemographic factors. Our results reveal that Spaniards are the least satisfied citizens in comparison with Danes, Irelanders, Greeks and Croats who are the most satisfied nationals. The years of education and the social class also play a determinant role. We also find that the most important determinant is the political support to the Government, and that those who are more worried by the economy and the protection of individual rights are usually more critic with the measures than those who are more worried by the health consequences.

Subject Areas

COVID-19 pandemic; ordered probit; micro-econometric analysis; marginal effects; lockdown measures

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