Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Latino Fathers Report Low Awareness and Knowledge of the Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, but High Willingness to Vaccinate Their Children if Recommended by Primary Healthcare Provider: a Qualitative Study

Version 1 : Received: 19 December 2020 / Approved: 21 December 2020 / Online: 21 December 2020 (12:14:51 CET)

How to cite: Lindsay, A.C.; Delgado, D.; Valdez, M.J.; Granberry, P. Latino Fathers Report Low Awareness and Knowledge of the Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, but High Willingness to Vaccinate Their Children if Recommended by Primary Healthcare Provider: a Qualitative Study. Preprints 2020, 2020120525 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202012.0525.v1). Lindsay, A.C.; Delgado, D.; Valdez, M.J.; Granberry, P. Latino Fathers Report Low Awareness and Knowledge of the Human Papillomavirus Vaccine, but High Willingness to Vaccinate Their Children if Recommended by Primary Healthcare Provider: a Qualitative Study. Preprints 2020, 2020120525 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202012.0525.v1).

Abstract

Objective: Despite increasing interest in understanding factors influencing awareness, knowledge, and acceptability of the human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine among Latino parents to date, limited information is available specific to Latino fathers living in the United States. Methods: This descriptive qualitative study explored Latino fathers’ awareness, knowledge, and acceptability of the HPV vaccine for their adolescent children. Data were collected through individual, semi-structured interviews and analyzed using a hybrid method of thematic analysis that incorporated deductive and inductive approaches. Results: Nineteen, majority foreign-born Latino fathers (63.2%; n = 12) fathers of male and female adolescents participated in the study. Four main themes and two subthemes emerged from the analyses. Results found fathers’ low awareness and knowledge of HPV and the HPV vaccine. Results also identified fathers’ positive attitude toward vaccines in general. Moreover, results revealed fathers’ trust in healthcare providers. This trust translated into an increased willingness to vaccinate their children against HPV if recommended by their child’s primary healthcare provider. Conclusion: Findings indicate the need for increased efforts to raise awareness and knowledge among Latino fathers of HPV and the HPV vaccine. In addition, findings underscore the critical role of healthcare providers’ recommendation of the HPV vaccine. Given the limited research focused on Latino fathers, this study’s findings are valuable in building a knowledge foundation needed for developing future studies and interventions to promote the HPV vaccine by targeting Latino fathers living in the United States. Future research should quantify Latino fathers' awareness, knowledge, and acceptability of the HPV vaccine for their children, and preferences for educational interventions to promote HPV vaccination.

Subject Areas

Fathers; Human papillomavirus (HPV); awareness; HPV knowledge; HPV vaccine acceptability; Latino; Hispanic men

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