Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Identification of Bioactive Compounds and Antioxidant Activity in Leaves and Fruits of Actinidia Arguta Accessions From Northeastern China

Version 1 : Received: 17 December 2020 / Approved: 18 December 2020 / Online: 18 December 2020 (11:14:24 CET)

How to cite: Tan, C.; Wang, Z.; Feng, X.; Irfan, M.; Liu, C. Identification of Bioactive Compounds and Antioxidant Activity in Leaves and Fruits of Actinidia Arguta Accessions From Northeastern China. Preprints 2020, 2020120453 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202012.0453.v1). Tan, C.; Wang, Z.; Feng, X.; Irfan, M.; Liu, C. Identification of Bioactive Compounds and Antioxidant Activity in Leaves and Fruits of Actinidia Arguta Accessions From Northeastern China. Preprints 2020, 2020120453 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202012.0453.v1).

Abstract

Actinidia arguta (Sieb. et Zucc.) Planch. ex Miq. is abundant of vitamin C and bioactive compounds with high antioxidant activities. In this study, eight wild A. arguta accessions from different areas in Northeast China were collected. Some bioactive compounds were examined on the different tissues of different germplasms including four kinds of leaves, petioles and fruits. The method of UPLC-MS was used to detect the flavonoid compounds. The results showed that some bioactive compounds including vitamin C, soluble sugar, free amino acid, total phenolics and flavonoids content showed significant differences between six tissues of A. arguta accessions and showed significant variability with maturity. In eight accessions, the highest vitamin C content was found in young apical leaves of ‘CBS-6’ (7.47 mg/g fresh weight), and the highest soluble sugar content was in fruits of ‘CJ-1’ (196.52 mg/g fresh weight) and the highest total phenolic content and total flavonoids content were in young apical leaves of ‘CBS-11’ (3.48 mg/g fresh weight) and of ‘CBS-3’ (2.00 mg/g fresh weight), respectively. Ten flavonoid compounds including kaempferol, isorhamnetin and quercetin were detected in leaves, petioles and fruits. The total content of flavonoids were highest in young apical leaves (10219.84 µg·g-1) and the lowest in fruits (78.75 µg·g-1). Based on the comparison of the contents of several bioactive compounds, the two accessions ‘CJ-1’ and ‘CBS-8’ had relatively outstanding performance, and in the comprehensive evaluation of the antioxidant activity among different tissues, the young leaves had the strongest antioxidant activity. These results highlighted the antioxidant potentialities of A. arguta leaves as a major source of phenolics and vitamin C as well as flavonoids. It provided a theoretical basis for the utilization of leaves of A. arguta.

Subject Areas

Actinidia arguta; leaf; bioactivity; antioxidant activity; LC-MS/MS

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