Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Extracellular Polysaccharide from Porphyridium cruentum (purpureum) Stimulates the Non-Specific Immune Activities on White Shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei)

Version 1 : Received: 7 December 2020 / Approved: 8 December 2020 / Online: 8 December 2020 (09:57:25 CET)

How to cite: Risjani, Y.; Mutmainnah, N.; Wulan, S.N.; Yunianta, Y. Extracellular Polysaccharide from Porphyridium cruentum (purpureum) Stimulates the Non-Specific Immune Activities on White Shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei). Preprints 2020, 2020120193 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202012.0193.v1). Risjani, Y.; Mutmainnah, N.; Wulan, S.N.; Yunianta, Y. Extracellular Polysaccharide from Porphyridium cruentum (purpureum) Stimulates the Non-Specific Immune Activities on White Shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei). Preprints 2020, 2020120193 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202012.0193.v1).

Abstract

White shrimps are susceptible to outbreaks of vibriosis because they do not have any adaptive immune system, they only have a non-specific innate immune system. The administration of EPS from microalgae Porphyridium cruentum (synonym: P. purpureum) on shrimps Litopenaeus vannamei was investigated to determine the effect of this immunostimulant on their non specific immune response and to test if EPS can be used as a protective agent for shrimp related to Vibrio infection. EPS was given to shrimps by immersion method on day 1 and booster on day 8. Shrimp hemocytes were taken on day 1 (EPS administration), day 7 (no treatment), day 8 (EPS booster) and day 9 (Vibrio infection) and tested for their immune response on each treatment. Result shows an increase in values ​​of all immune parameters in line with the increasing EPS concentration, except the Differential Haemocyte Count (DHC). In detail, an increase was noted in total hemocytes (THC) value, Phagocytotic Activity (PA), Respiratory Burst (RB) in line as the EPS concentration increase. Although there is a decrease after the infection, the value obtained is not lower than the control value. These results indicate that EPS from Porphyrydium enhances immune parameters in shrimp rapidly and has the ability as an immunostimulant or an immunomodulator. It is a good modulator for the non specific immune cells of Pacific white shrimps, and it can be used as a preventive agent against Vibrio.

Subject Areas

Hemocytes; innate immune cells; Phagocytic Activity; Respiratory Burst; microalgae; immunomodulator; shrimps L. vannamei; Vibrio harveyi; Extracellular Polysaccharide (EPS)

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