Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Sun Exposure and Protection Practices of Spanish University Students of Education Sciences. Are Future Teachers Protected Against Skin Cancer and Other Adverse Effects?

Version 1 : Received: 4 December 2020 / Approved: 7 December 2020 / Online: 7 December 2020 (07:04:11 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Castro-Maqueda, G.D.; Franco, C.L.; Gutiérrez-Manzanedo, J.V.; Gobba, F.; Sánchez, N.B.; Troya-Martin, M.D. What Sun Protection Practices Should Be Adopted by Trainee Teachers to Reduce the Risk of Skin Cancer and Other Adverse Outcomes? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 529. Castro-Maqueda, G.D.; Franco, C.L.; Gutiérrez-Manzanedo, J.V.; Gobba, F.; Sánchez, N.B.; Troya-Martin, M.D. What Sun Protection Practices Should Be Adopted by Trainee Teachers to Reduce the Risk of Skin Cancer and Other Adverse Outcomes? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 529.

Journal reference: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 529
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18020529

Abstract

Background: Excessive sun exposure, together with insufficient protection, is the main risk factor for the onset of Melanoma and Non Melanoma skin cancer, namely the most common cancer in fair-skinned populations across the world, and of several other skin and eye adverse health effects. Epidemiological data show the existence of scant awareness of this risk, and of high rates of sunburn among young people. The main aim of the present study is to examine sun exposure habits and protection behaviour in university students. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study to investigate sun exposure and protection practices in a group of education sciences students at a university in southern Spain. This survey provided data for a descriptive and comparative analysis, by groups and gender, of photoprotection and skin self-examination practices. The reliability and validity of the questionnaire have been analysed. Results: The questionnaire was completed by 315 students. Most of them (74.6%) have suffered at least one sunburn in the last year. The use of sunscreen or protective clothing is not frequent, and 89.5% of students do not self-examine their skin. The metric properties of the questionnaire showed high values of reliability and validity. Conclusions: The awareness of solar exposure risk in Spanish university students of Education Sciences is low, self-protection is scant, the potential exposure to dangerous levels of UV radiation is high and most students have suffered one or more sunburns in the last year. Intervention strategies should be introduced in these students to highlight the risks involved and the need of more adequate sun protection practices. Information campaigns should be conducted to address the problem so that, when these students become teachers, they have an adequate knowledge of the risk and of the benefits of a higher attention to this problem, and can translate these competences in health education.

Subject Areas

Skin cancer; Photoprotection habits; Photoexposure; University students; Teachers health sciences

Comments (0)

We encourage comments and feedback from a broad range of readers. See criteria for comments and our diversity statement.

Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 0
Metrics 0


×
Alerts
Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.
We use cookies on our website to ensure you get the best experience.
Read more about our cookies here.