Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Is Adiposity Associated with the Quality of Movement Patterns in the Mid-Adolescent Period?

Version 1 : Received: 10 November 2020 / Approved: 12 November 2020 / Online: 12 November 2020 (12:16:12 CET)

How to cite: Karuc, J.; Marković, G.; Mišigoj-Duraković, M.; Duncan, M.; Sorić, M. Is Adiposity Associated with the Quality of Movement Patterns in the Mid-Adolescent Period?. Preprints 2020, 2020110346 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202011.0346.v1). Karuc, J.; Marković, G.; Mišigoj-Duraković, M.; Duncan, M.; Sorić, M. Is Adiposity Associated with the Quality of Movement Patterns in the Mid-Adolescent Period?. Preprints 2020, 2020110346 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202011.0346.v1).

Abstract

This study investigated the relationship between functional movement (FM) and adiposity in adolescents (16-17 years). This research is a part of the CRO-PALS study conducted in a random sample of adolescents (n=652, mean age±SD: 16.6±0.4). Body mass index (BMI), a sum of four skinfolds (S4S), waist and hip circumference were measured, and FM was assessed via Functional Movement Screen™ (FMSTM). Multilevel analysis were employed to determine the relationship between different predictors and total FMS score. After controlling for age, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, and socioeconomic status, relationship between variables of adiposity and total FMS score was significant and negative among boys (BMI:β=-0.18, p<0.0001; S4S:β=-0.04, p<0.0001; waist circumference:β=-0.08, p<0.0001; hip circumference:β=-0.09, p<0.0001). However, among girls, in adjusted models, only S4S showed a significant and negative effect on total FMS score (β=-0.03, p<0.0001), while other coefficients failed to reach significance (BMI:β=-0.05, p=0.23; waist circumference:β=-0.04, p=0.06; hip circumference:β=-0.01, p=0.70). Results showed that the effect of adiposity on FM in adolescence is sex-specific, suggesting that boys with overweight and obesity could be more prone to develop dysfunctional movement patterns. Therefore, exercise interventions directed toward correcting dysfunctional patterns should be sex-specific, targeting more boys with overweight and obesity rather than adolescent girls with overweight and obesity.

Subject Areas

obesity; pediatric exercise; motor control; motor coordination; motor competence; movement competence

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