Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Impacts of Deformed Bed Topography on Hydrodynamics in a Near-Bank Vegetated Channel: A Numerical Study

Version 1 : Received: 25 October 2020 / Approved: 27 October 2020 / Online: 27 October 2020 (11:39:40 CET)

How to cite: Liu, D.; Li, W. Impacts of Deformed Bed Topography on Hydrodynamics in a Near-Bank Vegetated Channel: A Numerical Study. Preprints 2020, 2020100549 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0549.v1). Liu, D.; Li, W. Impacts of Deformed Bed Topography on Hydrodynamics in a Near-Bank Vegetated Channel: A Numerical Study. Preprints 2020, 2020100549 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0549.v1).

Abstract

Understanding how the deformed bed topography induced by near-bank vegetation impacts the hydrodynamics is significant for understanding the maintenance condition of bed morphology and further fluvial evolution. This issue has rarely been addressed by current studies. This study with a 2D hydro-morphological model investigates the hydrodynamics over flat and deformed beds with a near-bank vegetation patch. By varying the patch density, the generalized results show that the hydrodynamics for the deformed bed differs a lot from those for the flat bed. It is found that deformed bed topography leads to an apparent decrease in longitudinal velocity and bed shear stress in the open region and longitudinal surface gradient for the entire vegetated reach. However, the transverse flow motion and transverse surface gradient in the region of the leading edge and trailing edge is enhanced or maintained, suggesting the strengthening of secondary flows. Interestingly, the deformed bed topography tends to alleviate the turbulent effect caused by the junction-interface horizontal coherent vortices, indicating that the turbulence-induced flow mixing is highly inhibited by the deformed bed. Alternatively, the enhanced secondary flows might provide compensation for the flow mixing for the deformed bed, confirmed by a faster recovery of the redistributed water discharge for the vegetated and open regions to the normal value (50%). The interior flow adjustment through the patch for the deformed bed requires a shorter distance, which links the vegetative drag length with a logarithmic relation. The tilting bed topographic effect in the open region to accelerate the flow may account for the faster flow adjustment.

Subject Areas

Near-bank patch; Deformed bed topography; Flow adjustment; Hydrodynamics

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