Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Design and Experiments of Voltage Sensor Based on Electric Field Coupling Principle and Differential Input Structure

Version 1 : Received: 11 October 2020 / Approved: 13 October 2020 / Online: 13 October 2020 (15:41:01 CEST)

How to cite: Zhou, T.; Zhuang, Z.; Zhou, X.; Wu, X.; Li, X.; Xiong, Q.; Ji, S. Design and Experiments of Voltage Sensor Based on Electric Field Coupling Principle and Differential Input Structure. Preprints 2020, 2020100287 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0287.v1). Zhou, T.; Zhuang, Z.; Zhou, X.; Wu, X.; Li, X.; Xiong, Q.; Ji, S. Design and Experiments of Voltage Sensor Based on Electric Field Coupling Principle and Differential Input Structure. Preprints 2020, 2020100287 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202010.0287.v1).

Abstract

Traditional potential transformers have problems of large volume, difficulty in insulation, iron core saturation, ferroresonance overvoltage and poor transient response characteristics. The voltage sensor based on the principle of electric field coupling and differential input structure does not need to contact the measured object or ground, and can avoid the above problems. However, it requires a sufficiently high capacitance between the differential electrodes to obtain sufficient accuracy and a high voltage division ratio. The existing method of using mutual capacitance between the differential electrodes will cause many problems and fail to meet the practical needs. To solve the above problems, this paper innovatively uses multi-layer ceramic capacitor to replace the mutual capacitance and designs a new type of voltage sensor. In addition, by using single bypass small resistance grounding method to increase the input impedance of the differential signal processing circuit, error of the sensor is further reduced. The experimental results show that the sensor has excellent accuracy and great transient response characteristics. The ratio error under power frequency is within ±0.5% and the phase error is within 1. The ratio error in the range of 500 Hz∼30 kHz is within ±5% and the phase error is within 5. Moreover, it has the advantages of low cost, miniaturization, flexible shape and easy to adjust the voltage division ratio. These characteristics indicate that the sensor has good voltage measurement and sensor network potential.

Subject Areas

electric field coupling; differential input structure; non-contact voltage measurement; multi-layer ceramic capacitor; transient response

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