Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Did Cavemen Boil Their Food? A Remote Sensing Based Evidence of Hydrothermal Landscape of Prehistoric Mongoloid Pawon Man 9.5 ka Occupancy at Pawon Cave of West Java

Version 1 : Received: 30 September 2020 / Approved: 30 September 2020 / Online: 30 September 2020 (14:19:27 CEST)

How to cite: Wibowo, A. Did Cavemen Boil Their Food? A Remote Sensing Based Evidence of Hydrothermal Landscape of Prehistoric Mongoloid Pawon Man 9.5 ka Occupancy at Pawon Cave of West Java. Preprints 2020, 2020090749 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202009.0749.v1). Wibowo, A. Did Cavemen Boil Their Food? A Remote Sensing Based Evidence of Hydrothermal Landscape of Prehistoric Mongoloid Pawon Man 9.5 ka Occupancy at Pawon Cave of West Java. Preprints 2020, 2020090749 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202009.0749.v1).

Abstract

Relationship between caveman prehistoric life in terms of heat induced food processing and its geological ecosystems have received many attentions. Previous studies have investigated the sources of heat included using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and biomarker approaches. Here this study proposes the use of remote sensing to identify the relationship of 9500 year old (9.5 ka) prehistoric mongoloid occupancy with hydrothermal manifestations at Pawon cave of West Java. The hydrothermal manifestations around Pawon cave were identified using Landsat 8 band combinations, land surface temperature, and sedimentary lithology. The results showed the hydrothermal manifestations surrounding Pawon cave were within a distance of 0.5-2 km. The results also showed bones representing 12 animal taxon groups with high abundance of rodents. To conclude this study sheds the light of proximity and preferences of mongoloid prehistoric occupancy towards hydrothermal landscape due to its advantage as heat sources for food processing purposes.

Subject Areas

Cave, hydrothermal, Landsat, Pawon, remote sensing

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