Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Development of a Pressure Stable Inline Droplet Generator with Live Droplet Size Measurement

Version 1 : Received: 10 September 2020 / Approved: 11 September 2020 / Online: 11 September 2020 (12:46:49 CEST)

How to cite: Preiss, F.J.; Dagenbach, T.; Fischer, M.; Karbstein, H.P. Development of a Pressure Stable Inline Droplet Generator with Live Droplet Size Measurement. Preprints 2020, 2020090259 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202009.0259.v1). Preiss, F.J.; Dagenbach, T.; Fischer, M.; Karbstein, H.P. Development of a Pressure Stable Inline Droplet Generator with Live Droplet Size Measurement. Preprints 2020, 2020090259 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202009.0259.v1).

Abstract

For our research on droplet deformation and breakup in scaled high-pressure homogenizing units we developed a pressure stable inline droplet generator. It consists of an optically accessible flow channel with a combination of stainless steel and glass capillaries and a 3D printed orifice. The droplet size is determined online by live image analysis. The influence of the orifice diameter, the mass flow of the continuous phase and the mass flow of the disperse phase on the droplet diameter was investigated. Furthermore, the droplet detachment mechanisms were identified. Droplet diameters with small diameter fluctuation between 175 µm and 500 µm could be realized, which allows a precise adjustment of the Ca and We Number in the subsequent scaled high pressure homogenizer disruption unit. The determined influence of geometry and process parameters on the resulting droplet size and droplet detachment mechanism agreed well with literature on microfluidics. Furthermore, droplet trajectories in an exemplary scaled high-pressure homogenizer disruption unit are presented which show that the droplets can be reinjected on a trajectory close to the center axis or close to the wall, which should result in different stresses on the droplets.

Subject Areas

droplet breakup; microfluidic droplet generation; live image analysis; orifice; high pressure homogenization

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