Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Mens sana in corpore sano: Does the Glycemic Index Have a Role to Play?

Version 1 : Received: 4 September 2020 / Approved: 5 September 2020 / Online: 5 September 2020 (08:29:52 CEST)

How to cite: Carneiro, L.; Leloup, C. Mens sana in corpore sano: Does the Glycemic Index Have a Role to Play?. Preprints 2020, 2020090133 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202009.0133.v1). Carneiro, L.; Leloup, C. Mens sana in corpore sano: Does the Glycemic Index Have a Role to Play?. Preprints 2020, 2020090133 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202009.0133.v1).

Abstract

Although diet interventions are mostly related to metabolic disorders, nowadays they are used in wide variety of pathologies. From diabetes and obesity to cardiovascular diseases, through cancer or neurological disorders and stroke, nutritional recommendations applied to almost all diseases. Among those disorders, metabolic disturbances and brain function and/or diseases have recently been shown to be linked. Indeed, numerous neurological functions are often associated with perturbations of whole-body energy homeostasis. In this regard, specific diets are used in various neurological conditions such as epilepsy, stroke, or seizure recovery. In addition, Alzheimer’s disease or Autism Spectrum Disorders are also considered as putatively improved by diet intervention. Glycemic index diets are a novel developed indicator expected to anticipate the changes in blood glucose induced by specific foods, and how they can affect various physiological function. Several results provide indications of efficiency of low glycemic index diets in weight management, insulin sensitivity, but also cognitive function, epilepsy treatment, stroke, or neurodegenerative diseases. Overall, studies involving glycemic index could provide new insight in the relationship between energy homeostasis regulation and brain function or related disorders. Therefore, in this review we will summarize main evidences on glycemic index involvement in brain mechanisms of energy homeostasis regulation.

Subject Areas

Cognition; nutrition; metabolism; neurodegeneration; ketone bodies; glycaemia; nutrition therapy

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