Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Trend and Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity among The Military Population – A Systematic Review

Version 1 : Received: 13 August 2020 / Approved: 14 August 2020 / Online: 14 August 2020 (08:15:09 CEST)

How to cite: Omar, A.; Leong, H.L.; Moy, F.M. Trend and Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity among The Military Population – A Systematic Review. Preprints 2020, 2020080311 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202008.0311.v1). Omar, A.; Leong, H.L.; Moy, F.M. Trend and Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity among The Military Population – A Systematic Review. Preprints 2020, 2020080311 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202008.0311.v1).

Abstract

Prevalence of overweight and obesity are escalating globally among the general population. However, there are limited evidence on the trends and prevalence of overweight /obesity in the military setting. Increased rates of injuries, low work productivity, incurred higher healthcare costs and prematurely discharge from service are consequences of overweight/obesity among the military. Therefore, we aimed to systematically describe the trends and prevalence of overweight and obesity in the military population, by regions and military service branches. Databases including PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Google Scholar were used. Inclusion criteria were military population (inclusive of all service branches) with BMI reported as the overweight/obesity indicator. Population related to military but not exclusively military personnel such as the retirees, the veterans and their dependents were excluded. From the 27 included studies, 13 were published between year 2010 to 2014 and half were conducted in the United States. Overall, studies showed increasing trend in the prevalence of overweight (30% to 50%) and obesity (2% to 30%); only one study showed a decreasing trend of 0.9% and 0.6% for the prevalence of overweight and obesity respectively. However, the rates of increment differed between countries, where Asian countries demonstrated lower overweight prevalence compared to the United States and the European countries. In conclusion, the military population is not protected from overweight and obesity. Interventions should be implemented to prevent overweight / obesity among the military personnel.

Subject Areas

trend; prevalence; overweight; obesity; military

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