Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Dynamic Changes on Progesterone Concentration in Cow’s Milk Determined by Inline Milk Analysis System Herd Navigator

Version 1 : Received: 12 July 2020 / Approved: 14 July 2020 / Online: 14 July 2020 (05:48:53 CEST)

How to cite: Antanaitis, R.; Malašauskienė, D.; Televičius, M.; Juozaitiene, V.; Žilinskas, H.; Baumgartner, W. Dynamic Changes on Progesterone Concentration in Cow’s Milk Determined by Inline Milk Analysis System Herd Navigator. Preprints 2020, 2020070293 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202007.0293.v1). Antanaitis, R.; Malašauskienė, D.; Televičius, M.; Juozaitiene, V.; Žilinskas, H.; Baumgartner, W. Dynamic Changes on Progesterone Concentration in Cow’s Milk Determined by Inline Milk Analysis System Herd Navigator. Preprints 2020, 2020070293 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202007.0293.v1).

Abstract

The aim of the instant study was to evaluate relative inline progesterone dynamic changes according to parity and status of reproduction and to estimate the relationship with productivity in dairy cows by inline milk analysis system (IMAS) Herd Navigator. According to a progesterone assay, cows were divided into three periods: postpartum, after insemination, and pregnancy. In the first stage of the postpartum period (0-29 days), the progesterone level in milk was monitored every 6 days. The second stage of the postpartum period (30-65 days) lasted until cows were inseminated. In the third period (0-45 days) after cows were inseminated, progesterone scores were distributed according to whether or not cows became pregnant. The stability of progesterone dynamics was monitored in the last study period (45-90 days). For milk progesterone detection, the fully automated real-time progesterone analyzer Herd Navigator (Lattec I/S. Hillerød. Denmark) was used in combination with a DeLaval milking robot (DeLaval Inc., Tumba, Sweden). The highest progesterone concentration in multiparous cows ranged from 1.08% (11-17 days postpartum) to 34.89% higher than that in cows of the first parity. The lowest progesterone concentrations in the milk of all cows were estimated during the first 5 postpartum days and between 18 and 23 days after calving. Peak milk progesterone concentrations were evaluated in the first stage of the experiment on days 24-29 after calving. In the 30-65-day period after calving, the level of milk progesterone was 2.02-2.08 times higher than that in the 24-29-day postpartum period. After insemination, the level of progesterone in milk increased by 10.77-22.54% compared with the level from cows on days 30-65 after calving. A higher (12.88%) concentration of progesterone in milk was evaluated in multiparous cows compared with that from cows of the first parity. In pregnant cows, milk progesterone within 0-45 days after insemination was 23.88% (in multiparous cows) and 32.54% (in primiparous cows) higher than that in non-pregnant cows. On days 31–35 after insemination, pregnant cows had higher milk progesterone levels, which can predict pregnancy success. According to our study results, we can suggest that an inline progesterone concentration determined by inline milk analysis system Herd Navigator and changes in its dynamics correlate with different reproductive statuses and milk yield of cows. Pregnant cows 11–15 days after insemination have higher milk progesterone levels, what positively, associated with a successful pregnancy.

Subject Areas

precision dairy farming; milk progesterone; production; reproduction; automatic milking system

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