Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Factors of Implementation Performance-Based Building Design on High Rise Residential Building in Indonesia

Version 1 : Received: 6 July 2020 / Approved: 7 July 2020 / Online: 7 July 2020 (09:46:46 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Astarini, S.D.; Utomo, C. Performance-Based Building Design of High-Rise Residential Buildings in Indonesia. Sustainability 2020, 12, 7103. Astarini, S.D.; Utomo, C. Performance-Based Building Design of High-Rise Residential Buildings in Indonesia. Sustainability 2020, 12, 7103.


The complexity of the design in high-rise residential projects is a challenge for the construction industry in completing projects that fit the needs of users. Performance-Based Building Design (PBBD) appears as a design concept that can describe these needs into performance requirements. In this case designing a building can be considered as an iterative process of exploration, where desired functional properties can be created, the shapes are suggested, and evaluation processes is used, so as to bring together the shapes and functions of the building. This concept is a container for designers to produce high-performance buildings. This study aimed to identify the performance-based building design factors applied by architect designers and engineers in high-rise residential building in Surabaya. As part of this study, primary data was collected based on surveys conducted through observation and questionnaire distributed to designers who had or were involved in the high-rise residential design process in Surabaya. A total of sixty-eight respondents were included in this study. Descriptive analysis through a mean and standard deviation scatter plot was used to rank the application of PBBD. Meanwhile, factor analysis was used in the analysis of PBBD application factors. From the results of the analysis, four factors were obtained for the application of PBBD in high-rise residential buildings in Surabaya, namely; the interests of occupants, the sustainability of building operations, the design collaboration process, and the risk of loss. Future research is the influence relationships and measure the success model of PBBD at a higher level into BIM (Building Information Modeling) interoperability.


performance-based building design; PBBD; high-rise residential.


Engineering, Civil Engineering

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