Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Wheat Yield Forecasting Based on Landsat NDVI and SAVI Time Series

Version 1 : Received: 3 July 2020 / Approved: 5 July 2020 / Online: 5 July 2020 (11:14:40 CEST)

How to cite: Adeniyi, O.D.; Szabo, A.; Tamás, J.; Nagy, A. Wheat Yield Forecasting Based on Landsat NDVI and SAVI Time Series. Preprints 2020, 2020070065 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202007.0065.v1). Adeniyi, O.D.; Szabo, A.; Tamás, J.; Nagy, A. Wheat Yield Forecasting Based on Landsat NDVI and SAVI Time Series. Preprints 2020, 2020070065 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202007.0065.v1).

Abstract

Due to increase demand of food grain in the world, assessment of yield before actual production is important in making policies and decisions in agricultural production system. For a large area, forecast models developed from vegetation indices derived from remote sensing satellite data possesses the potential to give quantitative and timely information on crops over large areas. Different vegetation indices are being made used for this purpose, however, their efficiency in estimating crop yield is needed to be certainly tested. In this study, wheat yield forecast was derived by regressing ground truthing yield data against time series of spatial vegetation indices for the 2013 to 2019 growing seasons. These spatial vegetation indices derived from Landsat 8 image data: Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index (SAVI) were compared to evaluate the most appropriate index that performs better in forecasting wheat production at Karcag, Kunhegyes and Ecsegfalva settlements in Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok county, in the Northern Great Plain region of central Hungary. The best time for making wheat yield prediction with Landsat 8- SAVI and NDVI was found to be the beginning of ripening period (160th day of the year) with higher correlation between the vegetation indices and the wheat yield. The validation results revealed that the model from SAVI provides more consistent and accurate forecasts yield compared to NDVI. The SAVI model forecast yield for the validation years, 2018 and 2019 were within 6.00% and 4.41% of the final reported values while that of NDVI model were within 8.31% and 6.27%. Nash-Sutcliffe efficiency index is positive with E1= 0.99 for the model from SAVI and for NDVI, E1=0.57, which connote that the forecasting method developed and evaluated performs acceptable forecast efficiency.

Subject Areas

NDVI; EVI; Wheat; Yield forecast; Landsat 8

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