Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Air Transportation Income and Price Elasticities in Remote Areas: The Case of Brazilian Amazon Region

Version 1 : Received: 3 July 2020 / Approved: 5 July 2020 / Online: 5 July 2020 (10:26:01 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Ventura, R.V.; Cabo, M.; Caixeta, R.; Fernandes, E.; Aprigliano Fernandes, V. Air Transportation Income and Price Elasticities in Remote Areas: The Case of the Brazilian Amazon Region. Sustainability 2020, 12, 6039. Ventura, R.V.; Cabo, M.; Caixeta, R.; Fernandes, E.; Aprigliano Fernandes, V. Air Transportation Income and Price Elasticities in Remote Areas: The Case of the Brazilian Amazon Region. Sustainability 2020, 12, 6039.

Journal reference: Sustainability 2020, 12, 6039
DOI: 10.3390/su12156039

Abstract

The literature, aimed at understanding the income-price elasticity of air passenger demand, bases its analysis on airport movement. The diversity of studies regarding the casualty between air transportation and economic growth are examples. Some studies covering this link, estimate the income-price relationship with the demand considering international traffic. Considering a domestic setting, where this traffic is significant in Brazil, studies related to remote regions are scarce, and the existing ones focus on governmental policies and subsidies. In addition, empirical studies on the theme consenter themselves in developed regions, such as Europe, North America, and Australia. For Brazil, where we find the Amazon region, there are no empirical researches. This paper analyses the price-income elasticity of the demand regarding domestic passengers in air links from remote cities of the Brazilian Amazon. This study uses panel data regression analysis method on a database of domestic scheduled flights of Brazil´s National Civil Aviation Agency. The results show that air passengers involving remote region flights present a lower sensitiveness regarding local income and airline´s price variations than those in flights among capitals. The higher difference is in income-elasticity of the remote city of origin, which is lower than that of the air traffic among capitals.

Subject Areas

Air transportation; Brazilian Amazon; Demand; Elasticity; Isolated cities

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