Preprint Short Note Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

National Health-GIS Portal-A Conceptual Framework for Effective Epidemic Management and Control in India

Version 1 : Received: 26 June 2020 / Approved: 28 June 2020 / Online: 28 June 2020 (09:00:04 CEST)

How to cite: Ranga, V.; Pani, P.; Kanga, S.; Meraj, G.; Farooq, M.; Nathawat, M.S.; Kumar Singh, S. National Health-GIS Portal-A Conceptual Framework for Effective Epidemic Management and Control in India. Preprints 2020, 2020060325 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202006.0325.v1). Ranga, V.; Pani, P.; Kanga, S.; Meraj, G.; Farooq, M.; Nathawat, M.S.; Kumar Singh, S. National Health-GIS Portal-A Conceptual Framework for Effective Epidemic Management and Control in India. Preprints 2020, 2020060325 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202006.0325.v1).

Abstract

This short note proposes a national Geographic Information System (GIS) - based health infrastructure to deal with epidemics and pandemics. Currently, there is no pan-India health infrastructure available that can compile, update, and report the spread of epidemic diseases. It not only curtails the opportunity of finding the real-time data on the spatial distribution of a disease but prevents one to inquire into the causes of the disease through epidemiological analysis. The proposed infrastructure in this study is a pan-India one and can broadly be divided into two parts, hotspot mapping and accessibility to services. In the first part, hospitals are proposed to act as nodes of data collection, sending data to a national GIS portal. This portal shall have the capabilities of plotting the data using map rendering services such as Google and Bing Maps. This way, hotspots can be visualized in no time, benefitting the government and common citizenry alike. The second part deals with the accessibility of citizenry to a wide range of services, i.e., healthcare services, grocery outlets, emergency services, baby food, and many other essential services of the day to day life. In order to implement this, we propose that the government need to enforce a mandatory submission of locational coordinates of all Goods and Services Tax (GST) enrolled service providers. Once the coordinates are submitted, the government can effectively control the opening and closing of services and inform the citizenry at the same time. The proposed infrastructure is going to help deal with the extraordinary situations during epidemic and pandemics similar to what the world is currently facing in the form of Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). Furthermore, the infrastructure can be scaled up or down as per the spread of a disease. The health-GIS platform proposed in this concept paper, shall help India in controlling and managing the epidemic more efficiently.

Subject Areas

GIS; health Infrastructure; National Portal; COVID-19; Hot-Spot mapping; Accessibility to services

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