Preprint Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Incubation Period in Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): A Literature Review

Version 1 : Received: 30 May 2020 / Approved: 31 May 2020 / Online: 31 May 2020 (18:16:48 CEST)

How to cite: Poudel, I.; Sah Swarnakar, A. Incubation Period in Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): A Literature Review. Preprints 2020, 2020050487 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202005.0487.v1). Poudel, I.; Sah Swarnakar, A. Incubation Period in Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): A Literature Review. Preprints 2020, 2020050487 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202005.0487.v1).

Abstract

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a respiratory illness caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). It is considered to be first reported from Wuhan, Hubei Province, China in December 2019. As of present, there are over 3.7 million identified cases worldwide and more than 259,000 deaths have been reported. This disease, its incubation period, course, complications, and the basis of spread remains a potential question due to variation in the pattern of spread around the globe and relatively fewer number of large-scale studies at present. This literature review aims to study the available data on its spread and incubation period. A literature search using PubMed with regular keywords ‘coronavirus’ and ‘COVID-19’, and Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) search for their etiology and pathogenicity was done with the search builder. The literature search revealed 26,689 studies among which 14 studies were selected for review. Studies were selected after the application of inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria with the removal of duplicates, and careful review for the outcome of interest ‘incubation period’. Among the 14 studies selected for review, there were eight review articles, five case reports, and one comparative study. The current literature review concludes that the mean incubation period for most of the literature falls between five days to 12 days with minimum reported time from known exposure to the onset of a symptom being one day and the maximum reported time from exposure to the onset of a symptom being 18 days.

Subject Areas

coronavirus; COVID-19; coronavirus etiology; coronavirus pathogenicity

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