Preprint Brief Report Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Novel Missense Mutation in Ligand-Binding Domain of AR Gene Identified in Patient with Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome from Ukraine

Version 1 : Received: 25 April 2020 / Approved: 27 April 2020 / Online: 27 April 2020 (03:59:38 CEST)

How to cite: Sirokha, D.; Gorodna, O.; Lozhko, D.; Livshits, G.; Zelinska, N.; Livshits, L. Novel Missense Mutation in Ligand-Binding Domain of AR Gene Identified in Patient with Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome from Ukraine. Preprints 2020, 2020040476 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202004.0476.v1). Sirokha, D.; Gorodna, O.; Lozhko, D.; Livshits, G.; Zelinska, N.; Livshits, L. Novel Missense Mutation in Ligand-Binding Domain of AR Gene Identified in Patient with Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome from Ukraine. Preprints 2020, 2020040476 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202004.0476.v1).

Abstract

Androgen insensitivity syndrome (AIS) is the most common disorder of sex development in people with karyotype 46,XY. Mutations in AR (androgen receptor) gene are found in most individuals with AIS. Exons 4-8, which encode LBD, were shown to be a mutation hotspot. The aim of this study was the search of mutations in the sequence of exons 6-8 which encode LBD of AR gene in patients with different clinical AIS phenotypes from Ukraine. The investigated patients were 4 women with 46,XY karyotype, SRY-positive and clinical features of AIS (2 – CAIS, 2 – PAIS). Serum levels of T, LH, and FSH were quantified by electrochemiluminescence immunoassay (ECLIA) technology. Cytogenetic studies were performed on peripheral blood lymphocytes with further use of standard protocols of chromosomal analysis (GTG-banding). The presence of SRY sequence was confirmed by FISH with LSI SRY probe. Direct Sanger sequencing of 6-8 exons was performed in patients and family members on the PCR products on the matrix of DNA samples isolated from peripheral blood lymphocytes. Detected SNPs were analysed using gnomAD, VEP, MutationTaster, Human Splicing Finder, NetPhorest 2.1, Group-based Prediction System 5.0, and PhosphoPICK bioinformatical resources. Modelling of mutant proteins based on available 3D models was conducted using the open source software UCSF Chimera 1.14rc. We have detected 3 previously described mutations (missense mutation X:67722905 Т>С (rs9332970) in PAIS patient, missense mutation X:67722943 C>T (rs886041132) in CAIS patient and, samesense mutation X:67723745 C>T (rs137852594) in PAIS patient). We determined these mutations as pathogenic using SIFT, PolyPhen, MutationTaster, Human Splicing Finder. Moreover the synonymous mutation X:67723745 C>T (rs137852594) detected in patient with PAIS was determined as mutation affecting processes of splicing. In our study we have identified novel mutation X:67722884 T>G in CAIS patient and family members. This mutation was predicted as a pathogenic using aforementioned bioinformatical tools. STRUM calculations of the protein stability change caused by single-point mutation showed a destabilization effect of the Ile836Ser substitution ΔΔG=-2.6. Possible aberrant phosphorylation analysis revealed the ability of MAPK family, Akt family, CDK1, CDK7, CDK9, PKC kinases to phosphorylate Ser836. Results concerning the pathogenicity of X:67722905 Т>С (rs9332970), X:67722943 C>T (rs886041132), X:67723745 C>T (rs137852594) mutations detected in patients with AIS from Ukraine obtained using bioinformatical resources SIFT, PolyPhen, MutationTaster, Human Splicing Finder correlate with previously published data concerning weaker binding of androgens in patients with the same mutations. This approves informativity of using such resources for mutation pathogenicity analysis. Analysis of the ortholog proteins, subdomain structure, and aberrant phosphorylation of AR-LBD suggests novel X:67722884 T>G mutation to be pathogenic. Based on analysis of mutant protein modelling followed by assessment of free energy change using STRUM it was predicted that mutant protein binds androgens 460 times worse than wild type.

Subject Areas

androgen insensitivity syndrome; androgen receptor; ligand binding domain; pathogenic mutation; bioinformatics

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