Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Relationship Between Prevalence of Malaria Infection and Significant Spread of Electrolyte Variation in Malaria Patients: Within and Outside Limit Analysis

Version 1 : Received: 15 April 2020 / Approved: 16 April 2020 / Online: 16 April 2020 (07:43:20 CEST)

How to cite: Ndako, J.A.; Okolie, C.E.; Dojumo, V.T.; Fajobi, V.O.; Akinwumi, J.A.; Owolabi, A.O. Relationship Between Prevalence of Malaria Infection and Significant Spread of Electrolyte Variation in Malaria Patients: Within and Outside Limit Analysis. Preprints 2020, 2020040261 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202004.0261.v1). Ndako, J.A.; Okolie, C.E.; Dojumo, V.T.; Fajobi, V.O.; Akinwumi, J.A.; Owolabi, A.O. Relationship Between Prevalence of Malaria Infection and Significant Spread of Electrolyte Variation in Malaria Patients: Within and Outside Limit Analysis. Preprints 2020, 2020040261 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202004.0261.v1).

Abstract

Background: Malaria is one of the most common diseased conditions across most developing countries caused by one of four species of Plasmodium. P. falciparum and P.vivax are the main agents responsible for malaria in Nigeria. Malarial infection has been shown to be associated with abnormalities in fluids, electrolytes and acid base balances. Electrolyte imbalance and mineral disturbances are majorly identified clinical symptoms in various infectious diseases including malaria. Electrolyte imbalance in malarial infection is capable of enhancing disease severity. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of malarial infection on electrolytes parameters. Methods: Finger prick blood samples, Thick and Thin Giemsa-stained blood smears, were collected from 100 malaria-suspected individuals representing all age groups. The Giemsa-stained blood smears were examined microscopically. Demographic information was obtained using structured questionnaires. The electrolytes levels (Na, K, Cl- and HCO3-) in malarial patients were analyzed using standard procedures, Pearson's Correlation Coefficient correlation technique was used to investigate the relationship, and the strength of association between the variables. Results: The mean bound of patients’ sodium level was observed to fall within the specified normal limits of 125mmol/L – 145mmol/L; except for positive malaria patients belonging to the MP-(++) which will fall below the 125mmol/L (i.e. 126.25mmol/L – 1.77mmol/L = 124.48mmol/L). The spread of the sodium data taken from the patients were observed to fall within the normal limits leaving only the boxplot’s lower whisker out, that is, observations falling within the first quartile, except for MP-(++) patients with observations in the first to second quartile spreading outside the normal lower limit, in contrast for the negative tested patients, the box and its whiskers were almost engulfed within the normal limits. Conclusion: In our study we found that Plasmodium falciparum altered more in electrolytes parameters than Plasmodium vivax. The biochemical markers can be used as biomarkers to confirmation of malaria. This study discovered a significant linear relationship based on the Pearson product-moment correlation between creatinine and urea, potassium and chloride, potassium and creatinine, potassium and urea. The mean sodium and chloride level of positive malaria [MP-(++)] patients were observed to fall outside the normal limit.

Subject Areas

Malaria; Electrolytes; Plasmodium falciparum; Plasmodium vivax; Pearson's Correlation Coefficient

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