Working Paper Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Diabetic Cardiomyopathy and Ischemic Coronary Heart Disease: Prevention and Therapy by Exercise and Conditioning

Version 1 : Received: 16 March 2020 / Approved: 17 March 2020 / Online: 17 March 2020 (08:52:25 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Crisafulli, A.; Pagliaro, P.; Roberto, S.; Cugusi, L.; Mercuro, G.; Lazou, A.; Beauloye, C.; Bertrand, L.; Hausenloy, D.J.; Aragno, M.; Penna, C. Diabetic Cardiomyopathy and Ischemic Heart Disease: Prevention and Therapy by Exercise and Conditioning. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 2896. Crisafulli, A.; Pagliaro, P.; Roberto, S.; Cugusi, L.; Mercuro, G.; Lazou, A.; Beauloye, C.; Bertrand, L.; Hausenloy, D.J.; Aragno, M.; Penna, C. Diabetic Cardiomyopathy and Ischemic Heart Disease: Prevention and Therapy by Exercise and Conditioning. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 2896.

Journal reference: Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 2896
DOI: 10.3390/ijms21082896

Abstract

Metabolic syndrome, diabetes and ischemic heart disease are among the leading causes of death and disability in Western countries. Diabetic cardiomyopathy is responsible for the most severe signs and symptoms. An important strategy for reducing the incidence of cardiovascular disease is regular exercise. Remote ischemic conditioning has some similarity with exercise, and can be induced by short periods of ischemia and reperfusion of a limb, and it can be performed in people who cannot exercise. There is abundant evidence that exercise is beneficial in diabetes and ischemic heart disease, but there is a need to elucidate the specific cardiovascular effects of emerging and unconventional forms of exercise in people with diabetes. Also, remote ischemic conditioning may be considered among the options to induce beneficial effects in these patients. The characteristics and interactions of diabetes and ischemic heart disease, and the known effects of exercise and remote ischemic conditioning in the presence of metabolic syndrome and diabetes, are analyzed in this brief review.

Subject Areas

Diabetic Cardiomyopathy; Hyperglycemia; Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury; Metabolism; Mitochondria; Remote Conditioning; Exercise

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