Working Paper Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

The Role of Anesthesiologist and Selection of Effective Anesthesia Techniques in Lombok’s Earthquake Victim’s Management

Version 1 : Received: 23 February 2020 / Approved: 25 February 2020 / Online: 25 February 2020 (12:14:03 CET)

How to cite: Sumartono, C.S.; Sulistiawan, S.S.; Semedi, B.P.; Dzakiyah, A.Z.; Stella, M.A.; Ikhromi, N.; Nahyani, N.; Endriani, E.; Rahardjo, E.; Pandin, M.G.R. The Role of Anesthesiologist and Selection of Effective Anesthesia Techniques in Lombok’s Earthquake Victim’s Management. Preprints 2020, 2020020377 Sumartono, C.S.; Sulistiawan, S.S.; Semedi, B.P.; Dzakiyah, A.Z.; Stella, M.A.; Ikhromi, N.; Nahyani, N.; Endriani, E.; Rahardjo, E.; Pandin, M.G.R. The Role of Anesthesiologist and Selection of Effective Anesthesia Techniques in Lombok’s Earthquake Victim’s Management. Preprints 2020, 2020020377

Abstract

Lombok earthquake that occurred in July 2018 has three large magnitude earthquakes that caused huge losses; 564 victims died, 1684 injured, 445 343 refugees, and 215 628 houses were damaged. The role of anesthesiology is very important to give prompt therapy for injured victims. This research gave an overview of the important role of Anesthesiologist and the selection of anesthesia techniques during the natural disasters’ victims’ management. This study was conducted by collecting data of all earthquake victims treated at the emergency room (ER) of RSUD NTB on August 6th and 7th 2018 and all victims operated during August 5 – 25th 2018. All data were recorded, analyzed, and presented in descriptive form using frequency, pie chart, and bar diagrams. The result shown that the highest number of patients treated in ER are during the first seven days after the earthquake and reduced to several weeks. The majority of patients treated are trauma patients who need orthopedic surgery. Since limited number of anesthesiologist should be considered with the right selection of anesthesia techniques, so that the disaster preparedness could be prepared well and the disaster management could run well. General anesthesia was widely used than regional anesthesia, but the different is not significant. The type of regional anesthetic drug usually used is lidodex in combination with catapres. The role of anesthesiologist during disaster is important to handle a safe and optimal surgical condition.

Subject Areas

effective anesthesia; earthquake; orthopedic; victim’s management

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