Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

The Effect of the Tool Rotational Speed, Plunging Speed and Tool Progressive Speed on the Defects During Friction Stir Processing on AZ91

Version 1 : Received: 9 February 2020 / Approved: 10 February 2020 / Online: 10 February 2020 (09:17:00 CET)

How to cite: Amini, H.; Arab, B.; Gollo, H.; Nami, B. The Effect of the Tool Rotational Speed, Plunging Speed and Tool Progressive Speed on the Defects During Friction Stir Processing on AZ91. Preprints 2020, 2020020121 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202002.0121.v1). Amini, H.; Arab, B.; Gollo, H.; Nami, B. The Effect of the Tool Rotational Speed, Plunging Speed and Tool Progressive Speed on the Defects During Friction Stir Processing on AZ91. Preprints 2020, 2020020121 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202002.0121.v1).

Abstract

In this paper, the effect of multi-pass friction stir processing on the mechanical properties of AZ91 alloy has been studied. For the numerical investigation, this process has been simulated with the three-dimensional numerical modeling based on the ABAQUS/Explicit. This simulation involves the Johnson-Cook models for defining the material behavior during this intense plastic deformation and investigating the fracture criterion. The tool plunging and stirring phases in the two-pass process has been simulated. To prevent too much distortion of elements during modeling, the Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian technique for automatically re-meshing of distorted elements has been used. The model was calibrated using the experimental results from the previous works. This model can predict the transient temperature distribution and residual stress field during FSP on AZ91. The results show that the maximum temperature in the advancing-side region is more than that in the retreating-side region. In addition, numerical results show that at the end position of the process, the tool during the lift-up leaves the keyhole region in the compressive stress state. The experimental results investigated the effect of multi-pass FSP on the microstructure, microhardness, tensile and creep properties of AZ91 magnesium alloy. The FSP is performed by applying 50% overlapping. The tensile, and creep tests are conducted at several temperatures from 25 to 210 °C. The optical microscopy and scanning electron micrograph (SEM) were used to study the microstructure of the samples after performing multi-pass friction stir processing. The experimental results indicate that on average, the tensile strength, microhardness, and creep strength of the processed samples increased by about 29, 23, and 38 %, respectively compared to the unprocessed ones.

Subject Areas

Friction stir processing; Microhardness; creep; AZ91 alloy

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