Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

A Gray System Theory Based Multi-Path Routing Method for Improving Network Lifetime in Internet of Things Systems

Version 1 : Received: 23 January 2020 / Approved: 26 January 2020 / Online: 26 January 2020 (04:00:20 CET)

How to cite: Zarei, M.; Soltanaghaei, M. A Gray System Theory Based Multi-Path Routing Method for Improving Network Lifetime in Internet of Things Systems. Preprints 2020, 2020010304 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202001.0304.v1). Zarei, M.; Soltanaghaei, M. A Gray System Theory Based Multi-Path Routing Method for Improving Network Lifetime in Internet of Things Systems. Preprints 2020, 2020010304 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202001.0304.v1).

Abstract

Internet of things (IoT) is a network of smart things. This indicates the ability of these physical things to transfer information with other physical things. IoT has introduced various services and daily human life depends on its reliable and accessible operation. The characteristics of these networks, such as topology dynamicity and energy constraint, challenges the routing problem in these networks. Previous routing methods could not achieve the required performance in this type of network. Therefore, developers of this network designed and developed specific methods in order to satisfy the requirements of these networks. One of the routing methods is utilization of multi-path protocols which send data to its destination using routs with separate links. One of such protocols is AOMDV routing protocol. AOMDV protocol is a multi-path protocol which uses multiple different paths for sending information in order to maintain the network traffic balance, manage and control node energy, decrease latency, etc. In this paper, this method is improved using gray system theory which chooses the best paths used for separate routes to send packets. To do this, AOMDV packet format is altered and some fields are added to it so that energy criteria, link expiration time, and signal to noise ratio can also be considered while selecting the best route. The proposed method named GSTMPR-IoT is introduced which chooses the routs with highest rank for concurrent transmission of data, using a specific routine based on the gray system theory. In order to evaluate and report the results, the proposed GSTMPR-IoT method is compared to the EECRP and AOMDV approaches with regard to throughput, packet delivery rate, end to end delay, average residual energy, and network lifetime. The results demonstrate the superior performance of the proposed GSTMPR-IoT compared to the EECRP and AOMDV approaches.

Subject Areas

Internet of Things (IoT); Gray System Theory; Multi-Path Routing; GSTMPR-IoT

Comments (0)

We encourage comments and feedback from a broad range of readers. See criteria for comments and our diversity statement.

Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 0
Metrics 0


×
Alerts
Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.