Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

The Effect of Whole Blood Viscosity on Intraoperative Graft Flow during Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery: An Observational Pilot Study

Version 1 : Received: 28 December 2019 / Approved: 29 December 2019 / Online: 29 December 2019 (10:22:23 CET)

How to cite: Lee, S.; Jo, J.; Kim, W.; Choi, D.; Choi, I. The Effect of Whole Blood Viscosity on Intraoperative Graft Flow during Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery: An Observational Pilot Study. Preprints 2019, 2019120378 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201912.0378.v1). Lee, S.; Jo, J.; Kim, W.; Choi, D.; Choi, I. The Effect of Whole Blood Viscosity on Intraoperative Graft Flow during Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery: An Observational Pilot Study. Preprints 2019, 2019120378 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201912.0378.v1).

Abstract

Background: Transit-time flow measurement (TTFM) is frequently used to evaluate intraoperative quality control during coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Although TTFM has the ability to assess graft failure intraoperatively, the perioperative factors affecting TTFM during CABG surgery remain poorly understood. Methods: Patients who underwent CABG surgery at a single institution between July 2016 and May 2018 were prospectively evaluated. Patients’ demographic characteristics, previous medical history, Euroscore, the results of preoperative blood tests, and intraoperative data were recorded. TTFM and blood viscosity were measured hemodynamically, and mean flow (mL/min) and pulsatility index (PI) were recorded. Arterial blood gas was analyzed immediately after anastomosis of the left internal mammary artery (LIMA) to the left descending artery (LAD) and before sternal closure. Factors associated with TTFM were assessed by multiple linear regression analysis. Results: Of the 62 patients who underwent CABG surgery during the study period, 57 were evaluated, including 49 who underwent off-pump and eight who underwent on-pump surgery. Blood viscosity was not significantly associated with TTFM (p > 0.05). However, TTFM was significantly associated with body mass index (BMI), systolic blood pressure, and cardiac index (p < 0.05 each). Conclusions: Blood viscosity was not significantly associated with intraoperative graft flow. Blood flow of graft vessels, however, was significantly associated with BMI, systolic blood pressure, and cardiac index.

Subject Areas

blood viscosity; transit-time flow measurement; coronary artery bypass surgery

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