Preprint Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Reducing the Gap Between the Ambitious Goals and Practical Reality of Animal Welfare Law Enforcement: A Review of the Enforcement Gap in Australia

Version 1 : Received: 12 December 2019 / Approved: 12 December 2019 / Online: 12 December 2019 (10:07:56 CET)

How to cite: Morton, R.; Hebart, M.L.; Whittaker, A.L. Reducing the Gap Between the Ambitious Goals and Practical Reality of Animal Welfare Law Enforcement: A Review of the Enforcement Gap in Australia. Preprints 2019, 2019120171 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201912.0171.v1). Morton, R.; Hebart, M.L.; Whittaker, A.L. Reducing the Gap Between the Ambitious Goals and Practical Reality of Animal Welfare Law Enforcement: A Review of the Enforcement Gap in Australia. Preprints 2019, 2019120171 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201912.0171.v1).

Abstract

Enforcement of animal welfare statutes are the primary protection given for the maintenance of animal welfare and prevention of cruelty. It is speculated that animal law enforcement in Australia has a number of weakness in the enforcement model. These weaknesses create a gap between the goals of animal law enforcement and the reality of the animal law justice system. This gap is defined as the ‘enforcement gap’. This paper identifies and investigates the causes of this gap. The hypothesized causes discussed are (1) the impact the public can have on reporting animal cruelty, (2) the reliance on charitable organizations as enforcement bodies, (3) the inconsistencies in animal welfare legislation, and (4) the role of the sentencing courts. Thus, the causes of the enforcement gap are multifactorial; derived from all stages of the enforcement process. Further research is needed to investigate the concepts raised in this paper. However, it is likely that a combination of structural change to enforcement agencies, legislative reform and public education is required to reduce the enforcement gap.

Subject Areas

animal welfare legislation; animal cruelty; law enforcement; Australia; enforcement gap

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