Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

The Detection of Pre-Diabetic Patients in the Dental Office

Version 1 : Received: 26 August 2019 / Approved: 27 August 2019 / Online: 27 August 2019 (11:58:44 CEST)

How to cite: AlMesmar, H.; AlMashhadani, S.; Saleh, N.; Farghali, K. The Detection of Pre-Diabetic Patients in the Dental Office. Preprints 2019, 2019080285 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201908.0285.v1). AlMesmar, H.; AlMashhadani, S.; Saleh, N.; Farghali, K. The Detection of Pre-Diabetic Patients in the Dental Office. Preprints 2019, 2019080285 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201908.0285.v1).

Abstract

Pre-diabetes is a serious health condition where blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough yet to be diagnosed as type 2 diabetes. Pre-diabetes puts one at an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes and heart disease Methodology: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 384 patients aged 20-70 years old, attending the dental clinics to assess the risk for diabetes, using the FINDRISC questionnaire, HbA1c blood test and a periodontal examination. Results: The mean age of participants was 38.90±10.74. 32.3% were categorized as no risk, 46.6% low risk, while 19% and 2.1% moderate and high risk of developing diabetes respectively. Tests for serum HbA1c Level showed 46.1 % had normal HbA1c followed by 18.0% and 3.6 % were pre-diabetic and diabetic respectively. 19.3% of participants had periodontal pockets measuring more than 4mm and 15.9% measuring more than 6mm. Conclusion: The study has proven to be useful in identifying patients at high-risk of developing diabetes. Controlling and managing periodontal disease could be a new aspect to include in the standards for diabetes care. Dental settings could be a successful platform to carry out the screening and risk stratification of pre-diabetic patients.

Subject Areas

oral health , pre-diabetic, diabetic, oral systemic, screening, H1A1c, Findrisk , periodontal

Comments (0)

We encourage comments and feedback from a broad range of readers. See criteria for comments and our diversity statement.

Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 0
Metrics 0


×
Alerts
Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.