Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Level of Knowledge of Sustainable Development (SD) in the Master’s Program Sustainable Building Information Management (BIM)­

Version 1 : Received: 29 June 2019 / Approved: 1 July 2019 / Online: 1 July 2019 (15:16:28 CEST)

How to cite: Jägerbrand, A.K. Level of Knowledge of Sustainable Development (SD) in the Master’s Program Sustainable Building Information Management (BIM)­. Preprints 2019, 2019070020 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201907.0020.v1). Jägerbrand, A.K. Level of Knowledge of Sustainable Development (SD) in the Master’s Program Sustainable Building Information Management (BIM)­. Preprints 2019, 2019070020 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201907.0020.v1).

Abstract

Sustainable development (SD) is essential to reduce and mitigate climate change impacts, environmental deterioration and to increase social sustainability. SD is therefore highly relevant for the engineering profession and is today found integrated with the higher education of specific engineering programs. This paper investigated the knowledge of SD for students entering the master’s program in Sustainable Building Information Management (BIM) by comparing levels of knowledge at the start and end of the first course Sustainability, Analyses and Simulations. The level of knowledge of SD was analyzed by classifying students’ conceptions of sustainability using SOLO taxonomy and the spectrum of liminality and the threshold concept. Students written responses to the question “What do you know about sustainability?” and written group project reports were used for analyzing levels of knowledge of SD. Levels of knowledge of SD was classified as pre (pre-liminal or pre-structural); uni-structural, multi-structural, relational and post-stages (extended abstract or post-liminal). In total, 68% of the students entering the master’s program in 2017 and 88% in 2018 showed a pre-structural, uni-structural and multi-structural SD knowledge. In general, few students entering the program showed relational and post-stages of SD knowledge, 32% and 12% of the students in 2017 and 2018, respectively. The students at the post-stage were able to express themselves more individually and creatively compared to previous levels in that they could connect the dimensions of SD to the context of SD of buildings, but also argue why SD of buildings was important and they could also suggest actions or tools for improved SD that engineers should use. Only one group of five (in 2017) showed a post-stage level of knowledge in the group project report. It is likely that the student’s general approach to the work with the reports was to mainly cope with the course requirements which is a sign of surface approach to learning. It, therefore, seems reasonable that future developments of the course should ensure that the students use the scientific literature in their group project reports to make it easier for them to understand the relationship between software use and the connection to green buildings certificate systems and SD of buildings. By making it mandatory to include scientific literature in the reports the students will be encouraged to read and think critically, and deeper, and to put the practical implementation of the software analysis results into a scientific context of SD and BIM.

Subject Areas

BIM; SOLO; threshold concepts; green buildings; certificate systems; higher education

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