Working Paper Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Narrative Review: The (Mental) Health consequences of the Northern Iraq offensive of ISIS in 2014 for female Yezidis

Version 1 : Received: 22 June 2019 / Approved: 24 June 2019 / Online: 24 June 2019 (09:11:36 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Jäger, P.; Rammelt, C.; Ott, N.; Brand, A. Narrative Review: The (Mental) Health Consequences of the Northern Iraq Offensive of ISIS in 2014 for Female Yezidis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2435. Jäger, P.; Rammelt, C.; Ott, N.; Brand, A. Narrative Review: The (Mental) Health Consequences of the Northern Iraq Offensive of ISIS in 2014 for Female Yezidis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2435.

Journal reference: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2435
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16132435

Abstract

The Yezidis who represent a religious minority living in Northern Iraq were particularly affected of the persecution by ISIS that gained power after 2013. This paper gives an overview of the events and the mental health consequences as well as associated influences on affected female Yezidis. Based on systematic literature search the aspects “Persecution by ISIS and actual situation of the Yezidi community”, “Gender-specific aspects of the persecution and its consequences”, “Mental health of the affected women” and “Cultural-historical and religious context” are worked out. Research indicates a high burden of health strain and mental health problems in the surviving Yezidi women, especially PTSD and depression. Concerning transgenerational trauma, the recent genocide revive past experiences in the history of the community. Like the narrow cultural and religious rules of the community, this can be both a resource and a burden. The actual extent of the attacks is neither predictable for the affected individuals nor for the community, consequences could also be passed on descendants. Long-term care and support of the affected persons, their descendants and the Yezidi community seems indispensable.

Subject Areas

Yezidi/ Yazidi; ISIS / IS; Northern Iraq offensive; Iraq / Syrian civil war; women's mental health; PTSD

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