Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Identifying Modern Slavery through Occupational Hygiene Conditions of Nineteenth-Century Slaves

Version 1 : Received: 19 May 2019 / Approved: 21 May 2019 / Online: 21 May 2019 (03:04:03 CEST)

How to cite: Garreto, G.O.; Santos Baptista, J.; Mota, A.; Torres Marques, A. Identifying Modern Slavery through Occupational Hygiene Conditions of Nineteenth-Century Slaves. Preprints 2019, 2019050255 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201905.0255.v1). Garreto, G.O.; Santos Baptista, J.; Mota, A.; Torres Marques, A. Identifying Modern Slavery through Occupational Hygiene Conditions of Nineteenth-Century Slaves. Preprints 2019, 2019050255 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201905.0255.v1).

Abstract

The Brazilian economy, the rural in particular, was until the end of the 19th century based on slave labour. In this research, it was intended to obtain, through a review of historical descriptive studies, a detailed picture of the occupational hygiene conditions related to the slaves’ work and their interactions with climatic and environmental conditions. The search was done in the following databases: Science Direct, Scopus, Web of Science, Criminal Justice, Ebsco, Business Source Supplement, as well as original historical documents. Descriptive studies, without the restriction of language, were selected that involved the rural work of slaves in colonial and imperial Brazil. Working environmental conditions have been evaluated: environmental and occupational hygiene conditions to which the captive workers were exposed, as well as their accommodation and clothing. The analysed studies registered the existence of accommodation and similar dresses all over Brazil, regardless of the region's climate. In addition to these accommodation conditions, slaves were still exposed in a similar way to physical, chemical and biological agents throughout the country. Finally, it was also possible to identify a clear similarity with the occupational exposure conditions of the modern slaves in the 21st century.

Subject Areas

Brazil; slavery; modern slavery; occupational hygiene; rural

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