Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Relationships between Middle School Students’ Smartphone dependency and Aggression: Mediating and Moderating Effects of Ego-Resilience, Parenting Behavior and Peer Attachment

Version 1 : Received: 14 May 2019 / Approved: 15 May 2019 / Online: 15 May 2019 (10:45:15 CEST)

How to cite: Um, Y.; Choi, Y.; Yoo, S.Y. Relationships between Middle School Students’ Smartphone dependency and Aggression: Mediating and Moderating Effects of Ego-Resilience, Parenting Behavior and Peer Attachment . Preprints 2019, 2019050188 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201905.0188.v1). Um, Y.; Choi, Y.; Yoo, S.Y. Relationships between Middle School Students’ Smartphone dependency and Aggression: Mediating and Moderating Effects of Ego-Resilience, Parenting Behavior and Peer Attachment . Preprints 2019, 2019050188 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201905.0188.v1).

Abstract

This study was conducted to examine the moderating and mediating effect of ego - resilience, parenting attitude, and peer attachment in the relation between smartphone dependency and aggression. Participants were 1,863 youths using a smartphone among the first middle school students responded in the 7th Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey (KCYPS) conducted by the National Youth Policy Institute in Korea. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, a correlation, and a hierarchical regression analysis. First, ego-resilience showed a partial mediating effect on the relationship between smartphone dependency, aggression and significant moderating effects were revealed. Second, parenting behavior showed a partial mediating effect on the relationship between smartphone dependency and aggression, with no moderating effects seen. Third, peer attachment had a partial mediating effect on the relationship between smartphone dependency and aggression, with no moderating effects seen. The research suggested the mental health and growth of students could be improved by applying various nursing and health care programs to improve ego-resilience, parenting behavior and peer attachment as they grow into adulthood.

Subject Areas

smartphone dependency; aggression; ego-resilience; parenting behavior; peer attachment

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