Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

A Review of Deep Learning with Special Emphasis on Architectures, Applications and Recent Trends

Version 1 : Received: 25 February 2019 / Approved: 26 February 2019 / Online: 26 February 2019 (04:02:00 CET)

How to cite: Sengupta, S.; Basak, S.; Saikia, P.; Paul, S.; Tsalavoutis, V.; Atiah, F.D.; Ravi, V.; Peters II, R.A. A Review of Deep Learning with Special Emphasis on Architectures, Applications and Recent Trends. Preprints 2019, 2019020233 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201902.0233.v1). Sengupta, S.; Basak, S.; Saikia, P.; Paul, S.; Tsalavoutis, V.; Atiah, F.D.; Ravi, V.; Peters II, R.A. A Review of Deep Learning with Special Emphasis on Architectures, Applications and Recent Trends. Preprints 2019, 2019020233 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201902.0233.v1).

Abstract

Deep learning has taken over - both in problems beyond the realm of traditional, hand-crafted machine learning paradigms as well as in capturing the imagination of the practitioner sitting on top of petabytes of data. While the public perception about the efficacy of deep neural architectures in complex pattern recognition tasks grows, sequentially up-to-date primers on the current state of affairs must follow. In this review, we seek to present a refresher of the many different stacked, connectionist networks that make up the deep learning architectures followed by automatic architecture optimization protocols using multi-agent approaches. Further, since guaranteeing system uptime is fast becoming an indispensable asset across multiple industrial modalities, we include an investigative section on testing neural networks for fault detection and subsequent mitigation. This is followed by an exploratory survey of several application areas where deep learning has emerged as a game-changing technology - be it anomalous behavior detection in financial applications or financial time-series forecasting, predictive and prescriptive analytics, medical imaging, natural language processing or power systems research. The thrust of this review is on outlining emerging areas of application-oriented research within the deep learning community as well as to provide a handy reference to researchers seeking to embrace deep learning in their work for what it is: statistical pattern recognizers with unparalleled hierarchical structure learning capacity with the ability to scale with information.

Subject Areas

deep neural network architectures; supervised learning; unsupervised learning; testing neural networks; applications of deep learning; evolutionary computation

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