Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Allocating Exclusive and Intermittent Bus Lanes in Dynamic Traffic Networks

Version 1 : Received: 17 February 2019 / Approved: 18 February 2019 / Online: 18 February 2019 (09:53:04 CET)

How to cite: Liu, H.; Wang, J.; Ma, X. Allocating Exclusive and Intermittent Bus Lanes in Dynamic Traffic Networks. Preprints 2019, 2019020151 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201902.0151.v1). Liu, H.; Wang, J.; Ma, X. Allocating Exclusive and Intermittent Bus Lanes in Dynamic Traffic Networks. Preprints 2019, 2019020151 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201902.0151.v1).

Abstract

The urban transportation network design problem involving exclusive bus lanes (XBLs) has been widely discussed and analyzed in recent years. An improved and more flexible transit lane management strategy—intermittent bus lanes (IBLs)—prove to be potentially more efficient and car-friendly than XBLs. The common benefit of XBLs and IBLs arises from the fact that they separate the bus and car traffic and hence can eliminate the impacts of slowly moving buses on the car traffic. This paper proposes a cell transmission model for separate car and bus traffic (CTM-SCB) in a network with some dedicated roadway segments reserved for buses. By encapsulating the CTM-SCB model, an XBL-based network design problem and an IBL-based network design problem are then formulated and solved, respectively, where the former model statically sets bus lanes while the later one allows a dynamic allocation of bus lanes. A synthetic freeway-arterial network and a real-world urban street network (where the latter was extracted from the Harbin South New Industrial City) are used as test networks for evaluating the proposed models and methods. The numerical results show that both XBLs and IBLs enjoy significant operational efficiency benefits compared to the situation of no protected bus lanes. However, we believe that the expected improvement from XBLs to IBLs need further tests and validations.

Subject Areas

cell transmission model; dynamic traffic assignment; exclusive bus lanes; intermittent bus lanes; network design

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