Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Characterization of a Bbotybirnavirus Conferring Hypovirulence in the Pear Stem Wart Disease Phytopathogenic Fungus Botryosphaeria dothidea

Version 1 : Received: 2 February 2019 / Approved: 4 February 2019 / Online: 4 February 2019 (13:44:22 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Zhai, L.; Yang, M.; Zhang, M.; Hong, N.; Wang, G. Characterization of a Botybirnavirus Conferring Hypovirulence in the Phytopathogenic Fungus Botryosphaeria dothidea. Viruses 2019, 11, 266. Zhai, L.; Yang, M.; Zhang, M.; Hong, N.; Wang, G. Characterization of a Botybirnavirus Conferring Hypovirulence in the Phytopathogenic Fungus Botryosphaeria dothidea. Viruses 2019, 11, 266.

Journal reference: Viruses 2019, 11, 266
DOI: 10.3390/v11030266

Abstract

A double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) virus was isolated and characterized from a strain EW220 of the phytopathogenic fungus Botryosphaeria dothidea. The full-length cDNAs of dsRNAs were 6,434 bp and 5,986 bp in size, respectively. The largest dsRNA of BdBRV1 encodes a cap-pol fusion protein that contains part coat protein gene and a RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) domain, and the second dsRNA encodes a hypothetical protein. The dsRNA virus was named Botryosphaeria dothidea botybirnavirus 1 (BdBRV1). BdBRV1 contains spherical virions that are 37 nm in diameter consisting of two segments. The structural proteins of BdBRV1 virus particles were 110 kDa, 90 kDa, and 80 kDa, which encoded by dsRNA1 and 2-ORFs. The analysis of genome sequences revealed that the sequences of BdBRV1 shared 99% identity with Bipolaris maydis botybirnavirus 1(BmBRV1). Phylogenetic reconstruction indicated that BdBRV1 and BmBRV1 are phylogenetically related to the genus Botybirnavirus. Importantly, BdBRV1 influences the growth of B. dothidea and confers hypovirulence to the fungal host. BdBRV1 and BmBRV1 were two strains of the same virus. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a botybirnavirus in B. dothidea and our result might be the first funding in the different fungi infected by the same virus.

Subject Areas

Botryosphaeria dothidea botybirnavirus 1; Hypovirulence; Botybirnavirus; Genome; Botryosphaeria dothidea; double-stranded RNA virus

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