Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Prevalence and Work-Related Factors Associated with Lower Back Musculoskeletal Disorders in Female Shellfish Gatherers in Saubara, Bahia – Brazil

Version 1 : Received: 27 January 2019 / Approved: 28 January 2019 / Online: 28 January 2019 (10:19:59 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Barreto Moreira Couto, M.C.; Rocha Falcão, I.; dos Santos Müller, J.; Batista Alves, I.; da Silva Viana, W.; Cadena Lima, V.M.; Gilvane Lopes Pena, P.; Woods, C.G.; Rego, R.F. Prevalence and Work-Related Factors Associated with Lower Back Musculoskeletal Disorders in Female Shellfish Gatherers in Saubara, Bahia-Brazil. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 857. Barreto Moreira Couto, M.C.; Rocha Falcão, I.; dos Santos Müller, J.; Batista Alves, I.; da Silva Viana, W.; Cadena Lima, V.M.; Gilvane Lopes Pena, P.; Woods, C.G.; Rego, R.F. Prevalence and Work-Related Factors Associated with Lower Back Musculoskeletal Disorders in Female Shellfish Gatherers in Saubara, Bahia-Brazil. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 857.

Journal reference: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 857
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16050857

Abstract

Lower back musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are an important public health problem and the leading cause of disability worldwide, but with prevalence yet unknown among shellfish gatherers. To investigate the prevalence and work-related factors associated with lower back MSD in a population of female shellfish gatherers, an epidemiological cross-sectional study was carried out in Saubara, Bahia – Brazil, in 2013. The Brazilian version of the Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) and the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ), in addition to a questionnaire containing the physical demands adapted to the artisanal work, were applied to a random sample of 209 female shellfish gatherers. The prevalence of lower back MSD was 72.7%. Using multivariate logistic regression, the shellfish gatherers who had worked for more than 26 years in the activity showed a prevalence of 1.22 (95% CI: 1.04-1.44) times higher compared to those unexposed. Lower back MSD was 1.24 (95%CI: 1.08-1.42) times higher among those more exposed to work sitting with trunk flexion. Those performed manual handling and muscle force with the arms had a prevalence ratio of 1.18 (95%CI: 1.01-1.39). These results show the need for greater awareness of health and social welfare factors impacting workers in small-scale fisheries and will promote the elaboration of health care policies for this occupational class.

Subject Areas

musculoskeletal disorders; lower back pain; female artisanal fisher; shellfish gatherers

Readers' Comments and Ratings (2)

Comment 1
Received: 2 February 2019
Commenter: Carlos Henrique Amaral
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: Congratulations to the authors. plus a work of great social relevance made with much appreciation.
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Comment 2
Received: 4 February 2019
Commenter: Aline Barreto Moisés de Oliveira
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: O artigo é muito útil e relecante! Parabéns!
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