Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

A Retrospective Analysis of the Cartilage and Intervertebral Disc Kunitz Protease Inhibitory Proteins Identifies These as Members of The Inter-α-Trypsin Inhibitor Superfamily with potential roles in the protection of the articulatory surface

Version 1 : Received: 29 December 2018 / Approved: 31 December 2018 / Online: 31 December 2018 (11:03:39 CET)

How to cite: Smith, S.; Melrose, J. A Retrospective Analysis of the Cartilage and Intervertebral Disc Kunitz Protease Inhibitory Proteins Identifies These as Members of The Inter-α-Trypsin Inhibitor Superfamily with potential roles in the protection of the articulatory surface. Preprints 2018, 2018120369 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201812.0369.v1). Smith, S.; Melrose, J. A Retrospective Analysis of the Cartilage and Intervertebral Disc Kunitz Protease Inhibitory Proteins Identifies These as Members of The Inter-α-Trypsin Inhibitor Superfamily with potential roles in the protection of the articulatory surface. Preprints 2018, 2018120369 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201812.0369.v1).

Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess if the ovine articular cartilage serine proteinase inhibitors (SPIs) were related to the Kunitz inter-α-trypsin inhibitor (ITI) family. Ovine articular cartilage was finely diced and extracted in 6M urea and SPIs isolated by sequential anion exchange, HA affinity and Sephadex G100 gel permeation chromatography. Selected samples were also subjected to chymotrypsin and concanavalin-A affinity chromatography. Eluant fractions from these isolation steps were monitored for protein and trypsin inhibitory activity and pooled fractions assessed by affinity blotting using biotinylated trypsin to detect active SPIs and by Western blotting using antibodies to α1-microglobulin, bikunin, TSG-6 and 2-B-6 (+) CS stub epitope generated by chondroitinase-ABC digestion. This identified 2-B-6 (+) positive 220-250,120, 58 and 36 kDa SPIs. The 58 kDa SPI contained α1-microglobulin, bikunin and chondroitin-4-sulphate stub epitope consistent with its identity as the α1-microglobulin-bikunin (AMBP) precursor and was also isolated by concanavalin-A lectin affinity chromatography indicating it had N-glycosylation. Kunitz protease inhibitor (KPI) species of 36, 26, 12 and 6 kDa could be autolytically generated by prolonged storage of the aforementioned 120 and 58 kDa SPIs; chymotrypsin affinity chromatography also generated the 6kDa SPI. KPI domain 1 and 2 SPIs were separated by concanavalin lectin affinity chromatography, domain 1 displayed affinity for this lectin indicating it had N-glycosylation. KPI 1 and 2 both displayed potent inhibitory activity towards trypsin, chymotrypsin, kallikrein, leucocyte elastase and cathepsin G. Localisation of versican, lubricin and HA in the surface regions of articular cartilage represented probable binding sites for the ITI SPs with likely importance in the preservation of joint function.

Subject Areas

serine proteinase inhibitor; Kunitz; bikunin; inter-α-trypsin inhibitor; pre-α-trypsin inhibitor.

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