Preprint Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Uses and Advantages of CRISPR/Cas Genetic Edition in Yeasts

Version 1 : Received: 30 November 2018 / Approved: 2 December 2018 / Online: 2 December 2018 (10:13:38 CET)

How to cite: Amado, D.; Velez, N.; Ceballos-Garzon, A.; Monroy, J.; Parra-Giraldo, C. Uses and Advantages of CRISPR/Cas Genetic Edition in Yeasts. Preprints 2018, 2018120001 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201812.0001.v1). Amado, D.; Velez, N.; Ceballos-Garzon, A.; Monroy, J.; Parra-Giraldo, C. Uses and Advantages of CRISPR/Cas Genetic Edition in Yeasts. Preprints 2018, 2018120001 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201812.0001.v1).

Abstract

This review summarizes the use of CRISPR system in yeasts, identifying advantages and disadvantages of its applications. 39 articles were evaluated including 12 articles that discussed the advantages of new CRISPR systems that improved the initial system, and another 27 were evaluated, among these: three were applications in Cryptococcus neoformans, four in candida sp., three in Schizosaccharomyces pombe, nine in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, four in Yarrowia lipolytica, and four in industrially important yeasts such as Pichia pastoris and Saccharomyces pastorianus. It was concluded that the CRISPR system is one of the most versatile genetic editing systems available nowadays. It can be applied in different organisms for several effects including gene knock-outs, performing point mutations, gene expression, or even applying multiple edition operations in several genes. However, we recognize that numerous studies lack a control group of the mutated strains, which leaves many questions unanswered. For instance, the extent and precision of this techniques, it also represents a risk to biosecurity standards. Therefore, this review shows the compilation of CRISPR system information, which could be used to generate different alternatives in the industry and clinical fields.

Subject Areas

CRISPR system; yeast; gene edition

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