Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Determinants of Smallholder Teff Farmers’ Market Participation; A Case Study In Gena-Bossa District, Dawro Zone, Ethiopia

Version 1 : Received: 7 November 2018 / Approved: 8 November 2018 / Online: 8 November 2018 (15:11:03 CET)

How to cite: Dalango, D.; Mulugeta, W.; Melaku, T. Determinants of Smallholder Teff Farmers’ Market Participation; A Case Study In Gena-Bossa District, Dawro Zone, Ethiopia. Preprints 2018, 2018110224 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201811.0224.v1). Dalango, D.; Mulugeta, W.; Melaku, T. Determinants of Smallholder Teff Farmers’ Market Participation; A Case Study In Gena-Bossa District, Dawro Zone, Ethiopia. Preprints 2018, 2018110224 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201811.0224.v1).

Abstract

Increasing market participation among smallholder farmers have a big potential to uplift living standards of poor through increasing production and consumption pattern. Although, smallholder farming made 95% of total crop production in Ethiopia, they are exposed to a marketing bottleneck that hinders benefits from their produce. The objective of this study was analyzing factors determining smallholder Teff farmer decision to participate in output market and level of marketed output.The study used data from 190 respondents from four selected Teff dominant kebeles of Gena-Bossa districts in Dawro Zone, through structured questioner. This investigation was imperative because no adequate research has been done in study area in examining the hindering factors of farmers’ market participation. Moreover, in the prior study, different authors come up with varied outcomes in diverse country and geographic location concerning poor farmers’ market participation decision. The descriptive statistics and Heckman two stage econometric methods were employed to analyze data collected from sampled household. The significance of coefficient of inverse Mill’s ratio ( ) indicates the presence of self-selection bias and the effectiveness of applying Heckman two stage model. The results of study show that the smallholder decision to participate in output market were positively influenced by size of land holding, availability of family labor force, education status of household head, accessibility of credit service and access to market price information. On the other hand, size of family member, sex of house hold head being female and distance to market place discourage probability of Teff farmer market participation decision. Moreover, the second stage estimation reveals that, the education status of house hold head, size of farm land, amount of Teff crop produced, accessibility of market information, the size of family labor force and being member to farm cooperative increase the quantity of marketable output, whereas, large number of family size decline the level of Teff crops marketed. The policy that assist poor farmers in obtaining market skills; create affordable credit service; strengthen community based producer groups and capacitating the females socially and economically in the community believed to minimize the problems encountering small farmers in a way to market their crop

Subject Areas

Teff, Smallholder, market participation, Heckman two stages, Gena-Bossa.

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