Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Seasonality of discrepancies between admission and discharge diagnosis for Medicare patients

Version 1 : Received: 2 November 2018 / Approved: 5 November 2018 / Online: 5 November 2018 (10:57:48 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Shrestha, A.; Zikos, D.; Fegaras, L. Seasonality of Discrepancies between Admission and Discharge Diagnosis for Medicare Patients. Technologies 2018, 6, 111. Shrestha, A.; Zikos, D.; Fegaras, L. Seasonality of Discrepancies between Admission and Discharge Diagnosis for Medicare Patients. Technologies 2018, 6, 111.

Journal reference: Technologies 2018, 6, 111
DOI: 10.3390/technologies6040111

Abstract

Admission and discharge diagnoses of in-hospital patients are often in discord. Incorrect admission diagnoses are related to increased cost of care and patient safety. Additionally, due to the seasonality of many conditions, this discord may vary across the year. In this paper, we used medical claims data to develop a methodological framework that examines these differences, for Medicare beneficiaries. We provide examples for pneumonia, a condition with seasonal implications, and aneurysm, where early detection can be life-saving. Following a Bayesian approach, our work quantifies and visualizes with time series plots the degree that any clinical condition is correctly diagnosed upon admission. We examined differences in weekly intervals, during a calendar year. The mean length of stay and hospital charges were furthermore compared between matching and non-matching {admission, discharge Dx} pairs, and 95% confidence intervals of the difference of means were estimated. We applied Statistical Process Control methods and then visualized differences, for the hospital charges and the length of stay, per week, with time series plots. Our methodology and the visualizations underline the importance of a rigorous and non-delayed diagnostic process upon admission since there are significant implications in terms of hospital outcomes and cost of care.

Subject Areas

Health Informatics; Clinical Decision Making; Seasonal Variations; Admission Diagnosis; Health Outcomes; Visualization

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