Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Effect of the Application of an Innovative Program on Prevention of Falls in Seniors

Version 1 : Received: 22 October 2018 / Approved: 22 October 2018 / Online: 22 October 2018 (16:07:16 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Borysiuk, Z.; Pakosz, P.; Konieczny, M.; Kręcisz, K. Intensity-Dependent Effects of a Six-Week Balance Exercise Program in Elderly Women. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2564. Borysiuk, Z.; Pakosz, P.; Konieczny, M.; Kręcisz, K. Intensity-Dependent Effects of a Six-Week Balance Exercise Program in Elderly Women. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2564.

Journal reference: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2564
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph15112564

Abstract

The results of this study offer a potential to gain a better understanding of the mechanisms underlying the falls in the elderly. The results were recorded for a group of 27 women in a control group (CON) and 16 women in an experimental group (EXP), aged 60-70. Participants took part in the six-weeks Elderly Recreation Movement Program (ERMP) with the difference, that the EXP group practiced twice as often as the CON group. The measurement of variations in the index called limits of stability (LOS) was performed by application of Kistler force plate and the coactivation index (CI) was registered by means of sEMG. The results demonstrate the existence of statistically significant differences in terms of the principal outcome of the exercise time in the measurements of LOS (F (1.42) = 10.0, p = 0.003), and CI (F (1.42) = 10.5, p = 0.002). The effect of the program was associated with an increase the level of the maximum LOS, and a decrease of the CI level, especially in the experimental group. Hence, the implementation of an innovative ERMP exercise program results in the improvement of the physical capabilities of senior subjects and a reduction of the risk of falls.

Subject Areas

limits of stability; coactivation; EMG signal; falls; aging

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