Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Numerical Evaluation for Coastal Community Storm Surge Flood Control Infrastructure

Version 1 : Received: 18 October 2018 / Approved: 19 October 2018 / Online: 19 October 2018 (07:52:48 CEST)

How to cite: Davila, S.E.; Garza, A.; Ho, J. Numerical Evaluation for Coastal Community Storm Surge Flood Control Infrastructure. Preprints 2018, 2018100439 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201810.0439.v1). Davila, S.E.; Garza, A.; Ho, J. Numerical Evaluation for Coastal Community Storm Surge Flood Control Infrastructure. Preprints 2018, 2018100439 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201810.0439.v1).

Abstract

The Lower Rio Grande Valley, South Texas is considered one of the more vulnerable coastal areas to flooding related with abrupt climate changes. From 1980-2017, there were 7 flooding events, 57 severe storm events, and 8 tropical cyclone events with losses exceeding $1 billion in the State of Texas, according to NOAA NCEI. Coastal flooding is typically a result of storm surge and heavy rainfall produced by hurricanes and tropical storms. In this study, the two-dimensional hydrodynamic flow circulation model is developed to predict the Lower Rio Grande Valley coastal area inundation due to the hurricane storm surge, especially in the case of Hurricane Beulah, 1967. The tropical cyclone properties and tidal constituents were assigned to the updated watershed geographic information with the bottom bathymetric and roughness data. For model validation, the Hurricane Dolly 2008 storm surge due to Hurricane Beulah at the coast and the storm surge reaches up to approximately 40 kilometers west from the coast through a natural river channel. This model can be used for a reliable engineering tool for the coastal hazard emergency management and disaster mitigation.

Subject Areas

hurricane storm surge; emergency management; coastal inundation; numerical model; South Texas

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