Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Gender and Race in Ministry Leadership: Experiences of Black Clergywomen

Version 1 : Received: 5 October 2018 / Approved: 8 October 2018 / Online: 8 October 2018 (13:57:05 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Smarr, K.N.; Disbennett-Lee, R.; Hakim, A.C. Gender and Race in Ministry Leadership: Experiences of Black Clergywomen. Religions 2018, 9, 377. Smarr, K.N.; Disbennett-Lee, R.; Hakim, A.C. Gender and Race in Ministry Leadership: Experiences of Black Clergywomen. Religions 2018, 9, 377.

Journal reference: Religions 2018, 9, 377
DOI: 10.3390/rel9120377

Abstract

Despite the increase of seminary training, Black clergywomen continuously undergo subjugation, degradation, and humiliation in ministry leadership due to gender and race bias (Leslie, 2013) by clergymen. This article reports the findings of a qualitative study that examined the experiences of Black clergywomen regarding obstacles in ministry leadership and how these clergywomen ascribed meaning to their experiences. The two primary research questions were, “What are the experiences of Black clergywomen regarding obstacles in ministry leadership?” and “How do Black clergywomen attribute meaning to their experiences regarding obstacles in ministry leadership?” The results of the study indicated that bias of gender and inequality exists among clergymen; however, the Black clergywomen learned to embrace the experiences and learned from them. The conclusion of this article includes a discussion regarding practical implications of the education of clergy; and the re-evaluation of the perception of Black clergywomen and their experiences. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the experiences of Black clergywomen pertaining to challenges in clergy leadership and to explore how Black clergywomen attributed meaning to their experiences regarding challenges in ministry leadership.

Subject Areas

Leadership, Women, Women Clergy, Black, Religion and Gender.

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